Young Jews, who identifed themselves as Zionists, demonstrate against Palestine White Paper*, May 18, 1939, Jerusalem.
October 15, 2016
British soldiers transfer child refugees from the Aliyah Bet (illegal immigration) ship Theodor Herzl to a vessel for deportation to Cyprus detention camps. Haifa port, Palestine, April 24, 1947.
British soldiers (here, the parachute regiment) round up Jewish men in Tel Aviv for interrogation about terrorist acts, 1946.
October 18, 2016
NOTES AND LINKS* The White Paper of 1939 was a policy paper issued by the British government under Neville Chamberlain in response to the 1936–39 Arab Revolt, and approved by the House of Commons on 23 May 1939. Although never formally approved, it acted as the governing policy for Mandatory Palestine between 1939 and 1945.The policy, first drafted in March 1939, was prepared by the British government unilaterally as a result of the failure of the Arab-Zionist London Conference. The paper called for the establishment of a Jewish national home in an independent Palestinian state within ten years, rejecting the idea of the creation of a Jewish state and the idea of partitioning Palestine. It also limited Jewish immigration to 75,000 for five years, and ruled that further immigration was to be determined by the Arab majority (section II).Restrictions were put on the rights of Jews to buy land from Arabs (section III). Further, it promised that only with Palestinian support would Britain allow a Jewish state. This greatly upset Zionists because of the increasing persecution of Jews in Europe at the onset of World War II, particularly in Germany. White Paper of 1939, WikipediaAmos Oz, in his autobiography, A Tale of Love and Darkness, Chatto & Windus hb (UK) and Penguin, pb, describes the young Amos in 1930s Jerusalem. When he is not reading he is planning a military onslaught on the British who are responsible repressive rule and for not allowing a Jewish state.Operation Action: Rescue from the Holocaust by William Perl, Frederick Ungar 1983 [first publication) details the efforts of Jews to get to Palestine against the best efforts of the British military.Foreign Office
November 2nd, 1917Dear Lord Rothschild,I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the CabinetHis Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.Yours,Arthur James Balfour
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian