Saturday, 14 September 2019

President Macron’s amazing admission



President Macron’s amazing admission
September 11, 2019
[this column was written for the Unz Review]
I don’t know whether the supposedly Chinese curse really comes from China, but whether it does or not, we most certainly are cursed with living in some truly interesting times: Iran won the first phase of the “tanker battle” against the AngloZionistsPutin offered to sell Russian hypersonic missiles to Trump (Putin has been trolling western leaders a lot lately) while Alexander Lukashenko took the extreme measure of completely shutting down the border between the Ukraine and Belarus due to the huge influx of weapons and nationalist extremists from the Ukraine. As he put it himself “if weapons fall into the hands of ordinary people and especially nationalist-minded people, wait for terrorism“. He is quite right, of course. Still, there is a sweet irony here, or call it karma if you prefer, but for the Ukronazis who promised their people a visa-free entrance into the EU (for tourism only, and if you have money to spend, but still…), and yet 5 years into that obscene experiment of creating a rabidly russophobic Ukraine and 100 days (or so) into Zelenskii’s presidency, we have the Ukraine’s closest and most supportive neighbor forced to totally shut down its border due to the truly phenomenal toxicity of the Ukrainian society! But, then again, the Ukraine is such a basket-case that we can count on “most interesting” things (in the sense of the Chinese curse, of course) happening there too.
[Sidebar: interestingly, one of the people the Ukrainians gave up in this exchange was Vladimir Tsemakh, a native of the Donbass who was kidnapped by the Ukie SBU in Novorussia (our noble “Europeans” did not object to such methods!) and declared the “star witness” against Russia in the MH-17 (pseudo-)investigation. Even more pathetic is that the Dutch apparently fully endorsed this load of crapola. Finally, and just for a good laugh, check out how the infamous’ Bellincat presented Tsemakh. And then, suddenly, everybody seem to “forget” that “star witness” and now the Ukies have sent him to Russia. Amazing how fast stuff gets lost in the collective western memory hole…]
Right now there seems to be a tug of war taking place between the more mentally sane elements of the Zelenskii administration and the various nationalist extremists in the SBU, deathsquads and even regular armed forces. Thus we see these apparently contradictory developments taking place: on on hand, the Ukraine finally agreed to a prisoner swap with Russia (a painful one for Russia as Russia mostly traded real criminals, including a least two bona fide Ukie terrorist, against what are mostly civilian hostages, but Putin decided – correctly I think – that freeing Russian nationalists from Ukie jails was more important in this case) while on the other hand, the Ukronazi armed forces increased their shelling, even with 152mm howitzers which fire 50kg high explosive fragmentation shells, against the Donbass. Whatever may be the case, this prisoner swap, no matter how one-sided and unfair, is a positive development which might mark the beginning of a pragmatic and less ideological attitude in Kiev.
Urkoterrorists Sentsov and Kol’chenko
Some very cautious beginnings of a little hint of optimism might be in order following that exchange, but the big stuff seems to be scheduled for the meeting of the Normandy Group (NG), probably in France. So far, the Russians have made it very clear that they will not meet just for the hell of meeting, and that the only circumstance in which the Russians will agree to a NG meeting would be if it has good chances of yielding meaningful results which, translated from Russian diplomatic language simply means “if/when Kiev stops stonewalling and sabotaging everything”. Specifically, the Russians are demanding that Zelenskii commit in writing to the so-called “Steinmeier formula” and that the Ukrainian forces withdraw from the line of contact. Will that happen? Maybe. We shall soon find out.
But the single most amazing event of the past couple of weeks was the absolutely astonishing speech French President Emmanuel Macron made in front of an assembly of ambassadors. I could not find the full speech translated into English (I may have missed it somewhere), so I will post the crucial excerpts in French and translate them myself. If I find a full, official, translation I will post it under this column ASAP. For the time being, this is the link to the full speech transcript in French:
Let’s immediately begin with some of the most incredible excerpts, emphasis added by me: (sorry for the long quote but, truly, each word counts!)
L’ordre international est bousculé de manière inédite mais surtout avec, si je puis dire, un grand bouleversement qui se fait sans doute pour la première fois dans notre histoire à peu près dans tous les domaines, avec une magnitude profondément historique. C’est d’abord une transformation, une recomposition géopolitique et stratégique. Nous sommes sans doute en train de vivre la fin de l’hégémonie occidentale sur le monde. Nous nous étions habitués à un ordre international qui depuis le 18ème siècle reposait sur une hégémonie occidentale, vraisemblablement française au 18ème siècle, par l’inspiration des Lumières ; sans doute britannique au 19ème grâce à la révolution industrielle et raisonnablement américaine au 20ème grâce aux 2 grands conflits et à la domination économique et politique de cette puissance. Les choses changent. Et elles sont profondément bousculées par les erreurs des Occidentaux dans certaines crises, par les choix aussi américains depuis plusieurs années et qui n’ont pas commencé avec cette administration mais qui conduisent à revisiter certaines implications dans des conflits au Proche et Moyen-Orient et ailleurs, et à repenser une stratégie profonde, diplomatique et militaire, et parfois des éléments de solidarité dont nous pensions qu’ils étaient des intangibles pour l’éternité même si nous avions constitué ensemble dans des moments géopolitiques qui pourtant aujourd’hui ont changé. Et puis c’est aussi l’émergence de nouvelles puissances dont nous avons sans doute longtemps sous-estimé l’impact. La Chine au premier rang mais également la stratégie russe menée, il faut bien le dire, depuis quelques années avec plus de succès. J’y reviendrai. L’Inde qui émerge, ces nouvelles économies qui deviennent aussi des puissances pas seulement économiques mais politiques et qui se pensent comme certains ont pu l’écrire, comme de véritables États civilisations et qui viennent non seulement bousculer notre ordre international, qui viennent peser dans l’ordre économique mais qui viennent aussi repenser l’ordre politique et l’imaginaire politique qui va avec, avec beaucoup de force et beaucoup plus d’inspiration que nous n’en avons. Regardons l’Inde, la Russie et la Chine. Elles ont une inspiration politique beaucoup plus forte que les Européens aujourd’hui. Elles pensent le monde avec une vraie logique, une vraie philosophie, un imaginaire que nous avons un peu perdu
Here is my informal translation of these words:
The international order is being shaken in an unprecedented manner, above all with, if I may say so, by the great upheaval that is undoubtedly taking place for the first time in our history, in almost every field and with a profoundly historic magnitude. The first thing we observe is a major transformation, a geopolitical and strategic re-composition. We are undoubtedly experiencing the end of Western hegemony over the world. We were accustomed to an international order which, since the 18th century, rested on a Western hegemony, mostly French in the 18th century, by the inspiration of the Enlightenment; then mostly British in the 19th century thanks to the Industrial Revolution and, finally, mostly American in the 20th century thanks to the 2 great conflicts and the economic and political domination of this power. Things change. And they are now deeply shaken by the mistakes of Westerners in certain crises, by the choices that have been made by Americans for several years which did not start with this administration, but which lead to revisiting certain implications in conflicts in the Middle East and elsewhere, and to rethinking a deep, diplomatic and military strategy, and sometimes elements of solidarity that we thought were intangible for eternity, even if we had constituted together in geopolitical moments that have changed. And then there is the emergence of new powers whose impact we have probably underestimated for a long time. China is at the forefront, but also the Russian strategy, which has, it must be said, been pursued more successfully in recent years. I will come back to that. India that is emerging, these new economies that are also becoming powers not only economic but political and that think themselves, as some have written, as real “civilizational states” which now come not only to shake up our international order but who also come to weigh in on the economic order and to rethink the political order and the political imagination that goes with it, with much dynamism and much more inspiration than we have. Look at India, Russia and China. They have a much stronger political inspiration than Europeans today. They think about our planet with a true logic, a true philosophy, an imagination that we’ve lost a little bit.
Now let’s unpack these key statements one by one:
1) “ great upheaval that is undoubtedly taking place for the first time in our history in almost every field and with a profoundly historic magnitude”
Here Macron sets the stage for some truly momentous observations: what will be discussed next is not only a major event, but one without precedent in history (whether French or European). Furthermore, what will be discussed next, affects “almost every field” and with huge historical implications.
2) “We are undoubtedly experiencing the end of Western hegemony over the world”
When I read that, my first and rather infantile reaction was to exclaim “really?! No kiddin’?! Who would have thought!?” After all, some of us have been saying that for a long, long while, but never-mind that. What is important is that even a Rothschild-puppet like Macron had to finally speak these words. Oh sure, he probably felt as happy as the Captain of the Titanic when he had to (finally!) order a general evacuation of this putatively unsinkable ship, but nonetheless – he did do it. From now on, the notion of the end of the western hegemony on the planet is no more relegated to what the leaders of the Empire and their propaganda machine like to call “fringe extremists” and has now fully entered the (supposedly) “respectable” and “mainstream” public discourse. This is a huge victory for all of us who have been saying the same things for years already.
3) “by the mistakes of Westerners in certain crises, by the choices that have been made by Americans for several years”
Here, again, I feel like engaging in some petty self-congratulation and want to say “I told you that too!”, but that would really be infantile, would it not? But yeah, while the internal contradictions of western materialism in general, and of AngloZionist Capitalism specifically, have been catching up with the Western World and while an eventual catastrophic crisis was inevitable, it also sure is true that western leaders mostly did it to themselves; at the very least, they dramatically accelerated these processes. In this context, I would single out the following politicians for a nomination to a medal for exceptional service in the destruction of the western hegemony over our long-suffering planet: Donald Trump and Barak Obama, of course, but also François Hollande and Emmanuel Macron (yes, he too even if he now changes his tune!), Angela Merkel, of course, and then last but not least, every single British Prime Minister since Margaret Thatcher (maybe with special commendation for Teresa May). Who knows, maybe they were all KGB/GRU/SVR agents after all? (just kiddin’!)
4) “ the emergence of new powers whose impact we have probably underestimated for a long time. China is at the forefront, but also the Russian strategy, which has, it must be said, been pursued more successfully in recent years”
Next, it’s not only China. Russia too is a major competitor, and a very successful one at that, hence the admission that in spite of all the efforts of the AngloZionist elites not only did the Empire not succeed in breaking Russia, but Russia has been very successful in defeating the western efforts. To those interested, I highly recommend this article by Jon Hellevig on the true state of the Russian economy. Finally, in military terms, Russia has achieved more than parity. In fact, I would argue that at least in terms of quality the Russian armed forces are ahead in several crucial technologies (hypersonic missiles, air defenses, electronic warfare etc.) even while she still lags behind in other technologies (mostly truly obsolete things like aircraft carriers). But most crucial is the political victory of Russia: five years after the Euromaidan and the liberation of Crimea from the Nazi yoke, the USA is far more isolated than Russia. It’s comical, really!
5) “real “civilizational states” which now come not only to shake up our international order
I have been speaking about a unique, and very distinct, “Russian civilizational realm” in many of my writings and I am quite happy to see Macron using almost the same words. Of course, Macron did not only mean Russia here, but also India and China. Still, and although the Russian nation is much younger than the one of China or, even more so India, 1000 years of Russian civilization does deserve to be listed next to these two other giants of world history. And what is absolutely certain is that China and India could never build the new international order they want without Russia, at least for the foreseeable future. In spite of all the very real progress made recently by the Chinese armed forces (and, to a lesser degree, also the Indian ones), Russia still remains a much stronger military power than China. What Russia, China and India are, is that they are all former empires which have given up on imperialism and who know only aspire to be powerful, but nevertheless “normal” nations. Just by their size and geography, these are “un-invadable” countries who all present a distinct model of development and who want a multi-polar international order which would allow them to safely achieve their goals. In other words, Macron understands that the future international order will be dictated by China, Russia and India and not by any combination of western powers. Quite an admission indeed!
6) “ Look at India, Russia and China. They have a much stronger political inspiration than Europeans today. They think about our planet with a true logic, a true philosophy, an imagination that we’ve lost a little bit.”
This is the “core BRICS” challenge to the Empire: China and Russia have already established what the Chinese call a “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination for the New Era”. If they can now extend this kind of informal but extremely profound partnership (I think of it as “symbiotic”) to India next, then the BRICS will have a formidable future (especially after the Brazilian people give the boot to Bolsonaro and his US patrons). Should that fail and should India chose to remain outside this unique relationship, then the SCO will become the main game in town. And yes, Macron is spot on: China and, especially, Russia have a fundamentally different worldview and, unlike the western one, theirs does have “much stronger political” goals (Macron used the word “aspirations”), “a real philosophy and imagination” which the West has lost, and not just a “little bit” but, I would argue, completely. But one way or the other, and for the first time in 1000 years, the future of our planet will not be decided anywhere in the West, not in Europe (old or “new”), but in Asia, primarily by the Russian-Chinese alliance. As I explained here, the AngloZionist Empire is probably the last one in history, definitely the last western one.
Now we should not be naïve here, Macron did not suddenly find religion, grow a conscience or suddenly become an expert on international relations. There is, of course, a cynical reason why he is changing his tune. In fact, there are several such reasons. First, it appears that the on and off bromance between Macron and Trump is over. Second, all of Europe is in free fall socially, economically and, of course, politically. And with a total nutcase in power in London dealing with Brexit and with Angela Merkel’s apparently never-ending political agony, it is only logical for a French head of state to try to step in. Furthermore, while I have always said that Russia is not part of Europe culturally and spiritually, Russia is very much part of Europe geographically, economically and politically and there is simply no way for any imaginable alliance of European states to save Europe from its current predicament without Russian help. Like it or not, that is a fact, irrespective of whether politician or commentator X, Y or Z realizes this or not. Macron probably figured out that the so-called “East Europeans” are nothing but cheap prostitutes doing whatever Uncle Shmuel wants them to do, Germany is collapsing under the weight of Merkel’s “brilliant” immigration policy while the UK under BoJo is busy trying to self-destruct at least as fast as the USA under Trump. Macron is right. If united, Russia and France could build a much safer Europe than the one we see slowly and painfully dying before our eyes today. But he is also wrong if he thinks that Russia can be “re-invited” back into the AngloZionist sphere of influence. In that context, Putin’s reply to the question of whether Russia was willing to return to the G8 is very telling: first he said that if the G7 wants to come back to Russia, Putin would welcome that, but then he also added that the G7/8 is useless without, yes, you guessed it, China and India.
It will be interesting to see if the current G7 will ever agree to mutate into a new G10 which would make Russia, China and India the most powerful block (or voting group) of this new forum. I personally doubt it very much, but then they are becoming desperate and Macron’s words seem to be indicating that this option is at least being discussed behind closed doors. Frankly, considering how quickly the G7 is becoming utterly irrelevant, I expect it to be gradually phased out and replaced by the (objectively much more relevant) G20.
Finally, there are Trump’s efforts into getting Russia back into the G8 which are very transparently linked to the current trade war and geostrategic competition between the US and China. The offer is useless to Russia, just like the return to PACE, but Russia does not want to needlessly offend anybody and that is why Putin did not publicly rebuff Trump or directly refuse to come to Miami: instead, he approved of the general concept, but offered a better way to go about it. Typical Putin.
Conclusion: Macron reads the writing on the wall
Whatever his political motives to say what he said, Macron is no idiot and neither are his advisors. Neither is this a “one off” thing. The French meant every word Macron spoke and they are putting everybody on notice (including the Ukrainians, the US, the EU and the Russians, of course). In fact, Macron has already invited Putin to participate in a Normandy Format meeting in Paris in the very near future. If that meeting eventually does take place, this will mean that the organizers gave Putin guarantees that this will not just be the usual kaffeeklatsch and that some serious results will finally be obtained. That, in turn, means that somebody – probably the French – will have the unpleasant task of telling the Ukrainians that the party is over and that they now need to get their act together and start implementing the Minsk Agreements, something which Zelenskii might or might not try to do, but which the real gun-toting Ukronazis will never accept. Thus, if the West is really serious about forcing Kiev to abide by the Mink Agreements, then the West has to finally give-up its self-defeating russophobic hysteria and substantially change their tone about the Ukraine. To invite Putin to Paris just to tell him again that Russia (which is not even a party to the Minsk Agreements) “must do more” makes zero sense. Therefore, all the other parties will have to come to terms with reality before inviting Putin. Apparently, this might be happening in Paris. As for Trump, he just offered to mediate (if asked to do so) between Russia and the Ukraine.
It shall be extremely interesting to see if this Normandy Format meeting does actually take place and what role, if any, Trump and the USA will play behind the scenes. We shall then know if Macron’s epiphany was just a one-time fluke or not.
PS: the latest rumor from the Ukraine: Zelenskii supporters are saying that Poroshenko is preparing a coup against Zelenskii and that he is preparing a special force of Ukronazi deathsquads to execute that coup. Dunno about a real coup, but they have already blocked the Rada. Never a dull moment indeed… 

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

SYRIAN ARMY SHELLS TURKISH POST IN SOUTHERN IDLIB



Syrian Army Shells Turkish Post In Southern Idlib
A Turkish army tank stationed near the Syrian border, in Suruc, Turkey, Sept. 3, 2016. (AP Photo)
14.09.2019
A Turkish army tank stationed near the Syrian border, in Suruc, Turkey, Sept. 3, 2016. (AP Photo)
Late on September 13, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) shelled the newly-established Turkish military post in the southern Idlib countryside, according to several opposition activists.
The activists said that a shell fired by the army’s artillery hit a berm surrounding the post, which is located near Maar Hattat. The town is a few kilometers to south of the city Ma`arat al-Nu`man that was shelled with heavy rockets a few hours ago.
In the morning, the Turkish military reinforced etoMaar Hattat’s post with a convoy consisting of more than 30 vehicles, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR).
Unlike the twelve Turkish observation post surrounding Greater Idlib, Maar Hattat’s post was not agreed upon during the Astana talks. The post was established last month following the SAA advance in northern Hama.
Turkey’s Ministry of National Defence has not commented on the shelling, yet. Ankara usually ignore the attacks that don’t result in any causalities.
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Drone Attacks Spark Fire at 2 Saudi Aramco Oil Plants



In its statement, Yemen’s Armed forces claimed responsibility for the drone operation on two oil facilities of Saudi Arabia’s state oil giant Aramco in the country’s east, which caused huge fires before dawn on Saturday.
The spokesman for Yemeni Armed Forces, Brigadier General Yahya Saree, said in a statement on Saturday, “The Air Force carried out an operation – dubbed ‘Operation Balance of Deterrence 2’ – of a 10-drone squadron on two Saudi Aramco plants in Abqaiq and Khurais”.
General Saree said that the operation was accurate and direct, pointing out that “the targeting of Abqaiq and Khurais plants comes within the framework of the legitimate and natural response to the crimes of the Saudi aggression”.
The Yemeni Armed forces spokesman promised the regime in Saudi Arabia, “that our future operations will expand and be more painful as long as its aggression and blockade continue”.
Relatedly, Yemen’s Minister of Tourism Ahmed al-Ali in an interview with the Lebanon-based Arabic language al-Mayadeen TV assured that no civilians were harmed saying, “we have not targeted any civilian targets in Saudi Arabia; strategic facilities were targeted”.
Abqaiq, about 60 km [37 miles] southwest of Dhahran in Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province, contains the world’s largest oil processing plant. Most Saudi oil exported from the Gulf is processed there.
The incident comes nearly a month after Saudi Aramco’s oil facilities in Shaybah, the kingdom’s largest strategic oil reserve near the UAE border, were targeted by Yemeni forces in a major drone operation.

Drone Attacks Spark Fire at 2 Saudi Aramco Oil Plants

Drone Attacks Spark Fire at 2 Saudi Aramco Oil Plants
Drones have hit two oil facilities of Saudi Arabia’s state oil giant Aramco in the country’s east, causing huge fires before dawn on Saturday.
A spokesman for Saudi Arabia’s interior ministry said in a statement that the attacks targeted two Aramco factories in Abqaiq and Khurais.
The statement did not identify the source of the attack, but Ansarullah revolutionaries and their allies in Yemen’s army have carried out similar attacks in recent months in retaliation for the kingdom’s airstrikes in the impoverished nation.
Meanwhile, the spokesman for Yemeni Armed Forces, Brigadier General Yahya Saree announced that Yemeni forces will be issuing a statement in the coming hours about details of the largest Yemeni Air Forces operation into the depth of Saudi Arabia.
Abqaiq, about 60 km [37 miles] southwest of Dhahran in Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province, contains the world’s largest oil processing plant. Most Saudi oil exported from the Gulf is processed there.
The incident comes nearly a month after Saudi Aramco’s oil facilities in Shaybah, the kingdom’s largest strategic oil reserve near the UAE border, were targeted by Yemeni forces in a major drone attack.
Yemeni forces also launched a successful raid on a major pipeline spanning the kingdom in May.
The Saudi-led war has so far turned into a quagmire for Riyadh, with Yemeni forces increasingly using sophisticated weaponry in retaliatory operations. The UAE, Saudi Arabia’s most notable partner in the conflict, has consequently announced the gradual withdrawal of its troops from country, largely because it believes the war has become “unwinnable”, according to US reports.
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لا تغيير في نهج ترامب أميركا أولاً… والانسحاب سيّد الموقف!



سبتمبر 14, 2019

,

محمد صادق الحسيني

إنّ أيّ تحليل عميق لنهج الرئيس الأميركي دونالد ترامب، ومنذ أن بدأ حملته الانتخابية التي أوصلته الى البيت الابيض، لا يمكن إلا أن يؤكد عدم ميله ترامب الى إنشاء ادارة أميركية قوية، كتلك الإدارات الأميركية السابقة والمتماسكة والتي كانت تعمل كمحرك، تنسجم جميع مكوناته، في إنجاز عمل متكامل، عبر نسق من الآليات، خدمة لمصلحة الامن القومي الأميركي في العالم، بل إنّ ما يصبو اليه هو تحقيق رؤية ترامب لمصلحة الامن القومي الأميركي والمعروفة للجميع.

إنها باختصار شديد:

1. التركيز على الوضع الداخلي الأميركي، وإعادة إحياء الاقتصاد والبنى التحتية المتهالكة، في الولايات المتحدة.

2. إعادة التركيز على ضرورة العودة الى مبدأ الرأسمالية المنتجة الصناعية والحدّ من تغوُل رأسمالية المضاربات أسواق البورصات التي يسيطر عليها اليهود .

3. تخفيض الإنفاق العام للدولة وذلك لتوفير الأموال اللازمة للاستثمارات الضرورية للنهوض بالاقتصاد وخلق فرص عمل جديدة إلى جانب تحسين قدرات الولايات المتحدة التنافسية في الأسواق الدولية، لضمان فرص أفضل لمواجهة الصين على الصعيد الاقتصادي والتجاري، حالياً ومستقبلاً.

من هنا قام الرئيس ترامب بالتخلي عن كلّ من عارض توجهاته الشخصية، لتحقيق رؤية ترامب المشار اليها أعلاه، منذ وصل البيت الأبيض حتى الآن. وكان آخر من طرد من المركب هو مستشار الأمن القومي لترامب، جون بولتون، أحد أكثر المحافظين الجدد تطرفاً والصديق اللصيق لنتنياهو، وداعية الحرب ضدّ إيران وروسيا وكوريا الشمالية وفنزويلا وكلّ من يعارض توجهاته العدوانية الخطيرة، والتي يمثلها تيار بعينه في الولايات المتحدة الأميركية.

انطلاقاً من انّ إدارة ترامب ليست إدارة أميركية كلاسيكية ذات استراتيجية واضحة، وبالتالي تعتمد في تنفيذها على أدوات محدّدة، فإننا نرى انّ الرئيس ترامب قد أعطى كلّ واحد من مراكز القوى في الولايات المتحدة ما يريد تقريباً.

فهو أعطى سماسرة الحروب والدولة العميقة، بما فيها البنتاغون، دعاة الحرب بولتون وبومبيو. كما أعطى اللوبيات اليهودية، في الولايات المتحدة، كلّ ما طلبه نتنياهو، من صفقة القرن الى كلّ الأدوار التفضيلية في كلّ المجالات.

ولكنه في الوقت نفسه انتظر موسم الحصاد. فإذا به موسماً لم ينتج شيئاً، حيث إنّ جميع مشاريع الحروب، التي كان يديرها دعاة الحرب، قد فشلت تماماً. لم تسقط الدولة السورية ولم يتمّ القضاء على حزب الله والمقاومة الفلسطينية في غزة وهزم مشروع داعش، في العراق وسورية وبمساعدة إيران قبل أيّ كان. كما هزم المشروع السعودي في اليمن على الرغم من مرور خمس سنوات على أكثر حروب البشرية وحشية وإجراماً، مورست ضدّ شعب أعزل ومسالم ودون أيّ مسوغ.

اما أمّ الهزائم فهي هزيمة دعاة الحرب في المواجهة الدائرة مع إيران، سواء على الصعيد الاقتصادي او على الصعيد العسكري، بعد إسقاط طائرة التجسّس الأميركية العملاقة وعدم قيام الرئيس الأميركي بالردّ على إسقاطها، ما جعل جون بولتون يلجأ الى مؤامرة احتجاز ناقلة النفط الإيرانية، بالتعاون مع بعض غلاة الساسة في واشنطن ولندن، على أمل ان يتمكن هؤلاء من توريط الرئيس الأميركي في حرب مع إيران.

اما في ما يتعلق بشريك بولتون في التآمر والكذب، نتنياهو، فلم تكن نتائج مؤامراتة وألاعيبة ومسرحياته أفضل حظاً من ممارسات بولتون. نفذ اعتداءات جوية على سورية ولبنان والعراق وأخذ كلّ ما أراد من الرئيس الأميركي. صفقة القرن، بما فيها من نقل السفارة الأميركية الى القدس والاعتراف بالمدينة عاصمة لـ»إسرائيل» وصولاً الى الاعتراف بسيادتها على الجولان.

ولكن الرئيس الأميركي تيقن من انّ نتيجة كلّ ذلك هو صفر. حيث أَمر نتنياهو، بصفته وزيراً للحرب، جيشه بترك الحدود مع لبنان والانسحاب مسافة سبعة كيلومترات الى الخلف. أيّ انّ جيشه ليس قادراً حتى على حماية نفسه من هجمات محدودة من قوات حزب الله.

فماذا كان قرار ترامب على ضوء كل هذه الحقائق؟

أ وقف الاتصالات الهاتفية مع نتنياهو، على الرغم من مواصلة الأخير استجداء ذلك، منذ اكثر من أسبوعين.

ب إعلان الرئيس الأميركي أنه سيبدأ مفاوضات سرية، مع أنصار الله اليمنيين، في عُمان.

ج تأكيده عشرات المرات على رغبته في التفاوض مع إيران وتعيينه الجنرال مارك إِسبر وزيراً للدفاع والذي أعلن في تصريح تلفزيوني أنه لا يريد حرباً مع إيران وإنما يريد الوصول الى حلّ دبلوماسي للخلاف.

د طرده لجون بولتون من البيت الأبيض ووضعه لمايك بومبيو على لائحة الانتظار، والذي لن يطول انتظاره اكثر من ثلاثة أشهر. ربما حتى نهاية شهر تشرين الثاني المقبل 11 / 2019 .

وهذا يعني أنّ ترامب قد قرّر العودة الى التركيز على شعارات حملته الانتخابية الاولى، بدءاً بما ذكر أعلاه اقتصادياً ومالياً ووصولاً الى:

الانسحاب العسكري الشامل، من كلّ «الشرق الأوسط» وليس فقط من افغانستان وسورية، وما يعنيه ذلك من تخلٍ كامل عن «إسرائيل» في اللحظة المناسبة… من الناحية العملية، وربما من مناطق عديدة أخرى في العالم وذلك خفضاً للنفقات العسكرية الأميركية تملك واشنطن اكثر من ألف قاعدة عسكرية خارج الولايات المتحدة .

الاستعداد لتحسين العلاقات الأميركية الروسية ومحاولة منع قيام تحالف أو حلف عسكري روسي مع الصين، ربما تنضم إليه دول اخرى.

إيجاد صيغة ما للتفاوض مع إيران وتطبيع العلاقات معها، وما يعنيه ذلك من تخلّ فعلي عن أدوات واشنطن الخليجية وسقوط لهم لاحقاً، ونعني بالتحديد ابن سلمان وابن زايد.

اذ انهم، كما نتن ياهو، فشلوا في تحقيق أيّ نجاح في المهمات التي أوكلت اليهم في طول «الشرق الاوسط» وعرضه، الأمر الذي جعلهم عبئاً لا طائل من حمله.

ولكن ترامب، رجل المال والصفقات، لن يترك ابن سلمان وابن زايد ينجون بجلودهم ويذهبون في حال سبيلهم، دون أن يعصر منهم المزيد من الاموال. اذ انه، ومن خلال الخبراء الأميركيين المختصين، يعمل على الاستيلاء على عملاق النفط العالمي، شركة أرامكو للبترول، وذلك من خلال طرحها للاكتتاب الخصخصة في بورصة نيويورك ومنع طرحها في بورصة طوكيو.

كما أنّ احتياطي النفط الهائل في محافظة الجوف اليمنية، الذي يزيد على كل احتياطيات النفط السعودية، هو السبب الرئيسي وراء رغبة ترامب عقد محادثات سرية مع أنصار الله، بهدف انهاء الحرب. فهو في حقيقة الأمر يريد التفاوض مع ممثلي الشعب اليمني ليس حفاظاً على أرواح اليمنيين وإنما من اجل ضمان إعطاء حقوق استثمار حقول النفط الموجودة في محافظة الجوف لشركات أميركية واستبعاد الشركات الروسية والصينية وحتى البريطانية من هذا المجال.

بعدنا طيبين، قولوا الله…


River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
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الحلفُ الروسي الإيراني ضرورة لطرفيه



سبتمبر 14, 2019

د. وفيق إبراهيم

التحالفات حاجاتٌ لأصحابها، بالأسباب المباشرة حيناً وبغير المباشرة في مرات اخرى.

لكن ما ينطبق على العلاقات الروسية الإيرانية انها تتدحرج نحو تفاهمات عميقة، لا تنتمي الى فئة عرض قوة بوجه المنافسين فقط، بل لبناء قوة مشتركة تجعل من المحاولات الأميركية لترميم نفوذ بلادها هباء منثوراً.

بداية فإن روسيا وإيران مستهدفتان بدقة من الأميركيين. والدليل ان الأميركيين نجحوا في دفع روسيا الى داخل حدودها منذ عقدين ونيّف، سالبين منها محيطها في اوروبا الشرقية والقوقاز والشرق الأوسط وآسيا الوسطى، فلم يتبق لها مدى إلا قاعدة بحرية صغيرة في سورية تطل على المتوسط وتنتمي الى مرحلة الراحل الاتحاد السوفياتي فورثتها موسكو بالنسب المشترك الى جانب علاقة حنين تاريخية مع كوبا والصين.

بدورها إيران وجدت نفسها بعد 39 سنة على ثورتها الإسلامية انها محاصرة الى حدود الاختناق من حرب أميركية اقتصادية تمنع العالم من بناء علاقات اقتصادية معها لا شراء ولا بيعاً وتهددها عسكرياً من قواعدها في الخليج وتحالفاتها مع دوله العربية بالاضافة الى «إسرائيل» التي تعتبر طهران العدو الاساسي لها في منطقة الشرق الاوسط.

هذا الجانب المشترك بين البلدين، يدفعهما الى استراتيجية تحالفية في وجه قوة عظمى فعلية تجمع كل مقومات الأحادية والنفوذ بالاقتصاد المرعب ومركزية السياسة العالمية و800 قاعدة عسكرية تنتشر في مئات البلدان وجيوش جرارة تملأ البر والبحر والفضاء والانتشار الثقافي والسيطرة على الذوق العالمي في المأكل والملبس وآليات اللهو والتسلية.

بيد أن هذا السبب الاستراتيجي موجود ايضاً مع عشرات البلدان الأخرى ولا يدفعها إلى تقاربات سياسية عميقة، بما يؤكد وجود اسباب عديدة لموضوعية التحالف الروسي الإيراني الذي يتكئ على عشرات المواضيع والابعاد الدافعة الى الاسراع في بنائه.

فإذا كانت العدوانية الأميركية العالمية سبباً استراتيجياً لتقاربهما، فهناك عناصر اخرى لا تقل اهمية واولها ان بحر قزوين المشترك بين البلدين مع دول اخرى من آسيا الوسطى هو معبر روسي بديل بإمكانه تأمين عبور سريع لها نحو إيران والخليج والعراق وسورية وبسرعة سياسية لافتة، ما يسمح لموسكو بالاستغناء النسبي عن خط البحر الأسود والمضائق التركية في مرمره وإيجه نحو البحر المتوسط او يصبح لديها على الأقل خطان مفتوحان يضعفان تأثير السياسة التركية على حرية الحركة الروسية.

ان هذا الخط القزويني يضع منطقتين شديدتي الأهمية امام الحركة الروسية الإيرانية المشتركة، وهما الشرق الأوسط وآسيا الوسطى.

لذلك ظهرت أهمية سورية للشريكين معاً، كبلد محوري له تأثير في المنطقة العربية عموماً والدول المجاورة له خصوصاً.

بما يفسر أسباب تركيز اعنف هجوم أميركي عليه، لا مثيل له منذ الحرب العالمية الثانية.

مستجلباً بالمقابل دعماً إيرانياً كبيراً ادرك ان اسقاط سورية هو اسقاط لكل الشرق العربي واضعاف حظوظ إيران بالصمود، كذلك فإن الروس استوعبوا بسرعة أن هزيمة نظام الرئيس بشار الاسد تسمح للأميركيين بالامساك بكامل الشرق الاوسط وهذا يعني العودة الأميركية السريعة للإمساك بنظام احتكار القوة، والهيمنة على العالم مجدداً.

لذلك ظهر وبشكل واضح حجم الدعمين الروسي والإيراني لسورية التي لم تبخل بدورها عبر جيشها وشعبها بكل امكاناتها للدفاع عن دولتها والمنطقة بأسرها.

قد تبرز تباينات في الأولويات بين روسيا وإيران لكنها لا تدعو الى القلق، لأن مرتكزات التقارب اوسع، وتدفع الى حلول وليس صراعات.

فالعمل في الشرق الاوسط يتطلّب تنسيقاً بين البلدين في اليمن والعراق وسورية ولبنان وفلسطين.

وأمكنة أخرى قابلة للانجذاب الى هذا المحور بفعل التراجعات الأميركية الواضحة، وخصوصاً في آسيا الوسطى، الأمر الذي يضع الحلف الروسي الإيراني – الفنزويلي ولاحقاً السوري أقوى معادلة في اسواق النفط والغاز، وهذه بمفردها من الأسباب العميقة للتقارب السياسي الروسي الإيراني الذي يستطيع بالتعاون مع الصين والهند تشكيل اقوى قوة اقتصادية في العالم.

فمقابل أميركا والسعودية وقطر، تبدو المعادلة الروسية السورية الإيرانية اقوى لأنها تمتلك البلد الذي لديه اكبر احتياطات نفط وهو فنزويلا بالمركز الاول عالمياً وروسيا وإيران بالمركزين الثالث والخامس.

اما الغاز فروسيا وهي الأولى عالمياً وإيران الثانية الى جانب امكانات هائلة في سورية، ما يضع هذه المعادلة على رأس الانجذابات العالمية اليها وخصوصاً اوروبا التي تجد نفسها مضطرة للتقارب مع قوى الطاقة المقبلة اي الغاز.

ألا تفسر هذه الاسباب مدى حاجة البلدين لبعضهما بعضاً وخصوصاً في هذه المرحلة من الصراع العنيف مع الأميركيين الذين لا يوفرون استخدام اي وسيلة تدميرية او ارهابية للمحافظة على سيطرتهم الاحادية.

للاشارة فقط ايضاً فان واشنطن تعكف حالياً على ابتكار آليات صراع جديدة مع الروس والإيرانيين والسوريين بالاضافة الى سياسات تتعمد تعميق التباينات الروسية الإيرانية وتحويلها تناقضات عميقة، فتزعم انها موافقة على نفوذ روسي في سورية انما على اساس انسحاب الإيرانيين منها. ومثل هذه الترهات لا تنطلي على موسكو التي تعرف ايضاً ان الدور الإيراني في سورية مرسوم من قبل دولتها صاحبة القرار النهائي بتحالفاتها، كما هو مرتبط بانسحاب الأميركيين من شرقي الفرات وشمالي سورية مع اعوانهم من الاوروبيين والدانمركيين والارهاب فضلاً عن الاحتلال التركي لإدلب وعفرين واجزاء من الحدود الشمالية.

لذلك فإن الرهان على انفجار التقارب الروسي الإيراني عبثيٌ لان مصالح البلدين تبتدئ انطلاقاً من هذه المرحلة لكنها غير قابلة للتوقف حتى بعد تشكل عالم متعدد القطب، لا تقف إيران بعيداً عن حدوده لقوتها المتصاعدة وتلعب روسيا دوراً محورياً في صناعته وتطوره.

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Weekly report on israel’s terrorism on Palestinians (05 – 11 September 2019)

Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestine (05 – 11 September 2019)
Israeli violations of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory

05 September – 11 September 2019

  • Great March of Return in Eastern Gaza Strip: 2 children killed and 80 civilians injured, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

  • West Bank: 5 civilians injured, including a child.

  • During 99 incursions into the West Bank: 47 civilians arrested, including 5 children and a woman.

  • 2 shooting incidents reported against Palestinian fishing boats off Gaza shores, and 6 others reported at the agricultural lands, east of the Gaza Strip.

  • 7 violations committed by Israeli forces and settlers as part of the settlement activity in the West Bank.
                                                
  • 45 temporary checkpoints erupted in the West Bank, where 9 Palestinian civilians were arrested.



Summary


During the reporting period, PCHR documented 162 violations of the international human rights law and international humanitarian law (IHL) by Israeli forces and settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.

As part of the Israeli violations of the right to life and bodily integrity, Israeli forces killed 2 children at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip and injured 80 other civilians: 39 children, a woman, a journalist, and 2 paramedics, including a female paramedic, at the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip.  Meanwhile, 5 were injured, including a child, in the West Bank, making a total of 85 injuries among Palestinian civilians by Israeli forces.

As part of the Israeli incursions and house raids, Israel carried out 99 incursions into the West Bank and raided civilian houses, attacking and enticing fear among residents in addition to shooting in many incidents. As a result, 47 Palestinians were arrested, including 5 children.  In the Gaza Strip, the Israeli forces carried out one limited incursion into the eastern Gaza Strip and arrested 3 Palestinians who tried to infiltrate via the border fence in the eastern and central Gaza Strip.

Under the settlement expansion activities in the West Bank. PCHR documented 7 violations, including forcing a civilian to self-demolish his house in Silwan village in Jerusalem, destroying the foundations of 2 residential buildings in al-‘Iziriyah in Jerusalem, demolishing 3 rooms, 3 tinplate dwellings and residential tents in Hebron, and confiscating a construction vehicle and a truck in Qalqiliyah.  Further, as part of the settlers’ attacks against Palestinian civilians and their property in the West Bank, the Israeli settlers threw stones at 3 cars in southern Nablus and broke their windows.

During the reporting period, the Israeli naval forces continued their attacks against the Palestinian fishermen and their equipment at sea though sailing within the allowed fishing area.  This week witnessed 2 shooting and chase incidents against the fishermen and their boats.

In terms of the Israeli closure policy, the Gaza Strip still suffers the worst closure in the History of the Israeli occupation in the oPt as it has entered the 14th consecutive year, without any improvement to the movement of persons and goods and ongoing isolation of the Gaza Strip from the West Bank and the rest of the world. Meanwhile, the West Bank is divided into separate cantons with key roads blocked by the Israeli occupation and with temporary and permanent checkpoints, where civilians’ movement is restricted and others are arrested.


  1. Violation of the right to life and to bodily integrity

  1. Excessive Use of Force against the Great March of Return in the Gaza Strip

The 73th Great March of Return took off in eastern Gaza Strip on Friday, 06 September 2019, titled “Protecting the Home Front.” The Israeli attacks resulted in killing 2 children and wounding 80 civilians, including 39 children, 2 paramedics and a journalist.

The incidents were as follows:

  • Northern Gaza Strip: At approximately 16:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, hundreds of civilians marched towards the central tent of the Great March of Return (GMR) in Abu Safiyah area, northeast of Jabalia, north of the Gaza Strip. Israeli forces stationed behind sand berms and in military vehicles along the border fence, fired live and rubber bullets as well as teargas canisters at a number of protesters, who threw stones at them. As a result, ‘Ali Sami ‘Ali al-Ashqar (17), from Jabalia refugee camp, was killed after being shot with a live bullet that entered the backside of his chest and exited through the lower front side of his neck while only few meters away from the border fence. Moreover, 36 civilians were injured, including 26 children: 29 with live bullets and their shrapnel; 20 of them were children; 3 with tear gas canisters; and 4, including 3 children, with rubber bullets.
  • Gaza City: at approximately 16:00 on Friday, hundreds of civilians marched in eastern Malakah area, east of Gaza City. Speeches, theatrical performances and other segments were performed at the protest central encampment. Dozens of protestors approached the fence and threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The activities continued until 19:00 on the same day. Despite the peaceful nature of the demonstrations, Israeli forces directly stationed along the border fence fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at the participants. As a result, Khaled Abu Baker Mohammed Sufian al-Rab’ie (14), from al-Shija’iyah neighborhood, was killed. According to PCHR’s investigations, the child arrived at Shifa Hospital at approximately 17:35 with a bullet wound in his waist, while being tens of meters away from the border fence, and he was pronounced dead. Moreover, 16 civilians were injured, including 6 children, a female paramedic and a journalist: 6 with live bullets, 8 with rubber bullets and 2 with tear gas canisters. The wounded paramedic is Mona Khalifah Lubbad (21), who sustained a shrapnel wound to her left foot. The wounded journalist, Ahmed Mohammed al-Hendi (23), sustained a rubber bullet injury to the hand. Mr. al-Hendi works for Siraj Media Services.
  • Central Gaza Strip: at approximately 15:00, hundreds of civilians, including women, children and families, took part in the eastern Bureij refugee camp protests; tens of them gathered adjacent to the border fence at a range varying between 2 – 70 meters. at approximately 17:10, a  number of protestors threw stones with slingshots at Israeli soldiers. The Israeli soldiers, reinforced with several military SUVs, fired live and rubber bullets in addition to teargas canisters at them. As a result, 8 civilians were wounded, including 4 children: 4 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel, 1 was shot with a rubber bullet and 3 were hit with tear gas canisters.
  • Khan Younis:  The Israeli forces’ use of force against the protesters, who gathered in the encampment in eastern Khuza’ah and near the border fence, resulted in the injury of 9 civilians, including 4 children and a paramedic: 5 with live bullets and shrapnel, 2 with rubber bullets; and 1 with tear gas canisters. Furthermore, many other civilians suffocated due to teargas inhalation. They received treatment on the spot in the field medical point. The wounded paramedic, As’ad Sami Mohammed Abu Ghalwah (30), from Khan Younis, was shot with a rubber bullet to the right foot.
  • Rafah: hundreds participated in the eastern Shokah protests, where folklore songs and speeches were held. Dozens approached the border fence and threw stones at the shielded Israeli soldiers, who responded with live and rubber bullets and teargas canisters against the protestors. As a result, 11 civilians were injured, including a child. It was documented that 9 were shot with live bullets and their shrapnel and 2 were shot with rubber bullets.

  1. Excessive Use of Force against Protests in the West Bank

  • At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Palestinians from Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyah launched their weekly peaceful protest and headed towards the village’s eastern entrance that has been closed by Israeli forces for the past 15 years in favor of “Kedumim” settlement. The demonstrators chanted national slogans demanding end of the occupation and protested the Israeli forces’ crimes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. The protestors threw stones at the Israeli soldiers stationed behind sand berms while the soldiers fired sponge-tipped bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a 22-year-old civilian was shot with a rubber bullet to the face and a 19-year-old civilian was hit with a rubber bullet to the lower abdomen.
  • At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces dispersed a peaceful protest called for by the national factions in Beit Jala against Israeli forces’ policy of seizing lands of al-Makhrour area, west of the city, in favor of settlement activity. Tens of civilians, activists and representatives of national factions started their protest from Beit Jala western entrance and headed to al-Makhrour area. The participants raised Palestinian flags and chanted national slogans against the Israeli forces’ seizure of Palestinian lands. Monther ‘Amira, Coordinator of the Popular Committee Against the Wall and Settlement, stated that Israeli forces banned the protestors from reaching the abovementioned land and fired tear gas canister at them. Al-Makhrour area, which is about 2000 dunums and considered the only vital outlet in Beit Jala, always targeted by Israeli settlement activities and bypass roads in addition to building acts. Three weeks ago, Israeli forces demolished a restaurant belonging to Ramzi Qaisiyah and seized a 4-dunum land belonging to Saba Iskandar where settlers established a caravan and surrounded it with barbed wire lightened the land using an electric generator.

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday,09 September 2019, students from Birzeit University, a number of civilians and Israeli and human rights defenders launched a peaceful protest at al-Birah northern entrance against the death of Bassam al-Sa’eh in the Israeli prisons. When the protestors approached the checkpoint of “Beit Eil” settlement, north of the city, Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, an 18-year-old young man was shot with a live bullet to the chest. The wounded young man was transferred to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah for medical treatment where he underwent a surgery. Medical sources classified his injury as settled.

  1. Shooting and other violations of the right to life and bodily integrity

  • At approximately 21:00 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at the border area; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:15 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli gunboats stationed eastern Beit Hanoun in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 3 nautical miles and chased them. As a result, the fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives; no arrests were reported.
  • At approximately 12:10, an Israeli drone fired a missile at an agricultural land in al-Shoka village, east of Rafah in southern Gaza Strip; no arrests were reported. The Israeli forces’ spokesperson said in his statement that:” they targeted a group of Palestinians, who fired a drone that crossed the border fence from the Gaza Strip and threw an explosive device at the border area and then returned to the Strip. As a result, a vehicle was partially damaged; no casualties among the soldiers were reported.
  • At approximately 13:45, Israeli forces stationed in east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened  fire at an agricultural land in eastern al-Sanati area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued foe few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around al-Arabe’in Mosque in the village and evacuated the area. Meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian young men and Israeli soldiers, who used rubber bullets and tear gas canisters. As a result, a young man was hit with a sound bomb shrapnel to the head and received medical treatment in a field medical point. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohanned Ma’moun Abu ‘Asab (17).
  • At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence sporadically opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Maghazi. The shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 13:30, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, opened fire at agricultural lands in eastern al-Qararah area in ‘Abasan al-Kabirah. The shooting continued for few minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 07:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into Beit Rema village, northwest of Ramallah and patrolled the streets. a number of children, who were heading to their schools, gathered and threw stones at the soldier, who responded with rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the children. As a result, Nour Eden Hazem al-Remawi (10) was shot with a rubber bullet to the right sides of the chest. He was taken to Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit for medical treatment. Moreover, the soldiers arrested Mohammed ‘Ezzat al-Remawi (17) after beating him with a rifle’s nozzle.
  • At approximately 09;30 on the same day, Israeli forces opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, northeast of al-buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. the shooting continued for 15 minutes; no casualties were reported.
  • At approximately 16:20, Israeli forced opened fire at agricultural lands along the border fence, east of Deir al-Balah in central Gaza Strip. The shooting continued for 15 minutes sporadically; neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 23:00 on the same Monday, Israeli gunboats stationed west of Jabalia in northern Gaza Strip, heavily opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats sailing within 5 nautical miles and chased them. They also fired a number of flare bombs in the sky of the area. As a result, fishermen were forced to flee fearing for their lives, but neither casualties nor material damage was reported.
  • At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 01 September 2019, Israeli soldiers stationed along the border fence, east of al-Shoka, east of Rafah, opened fire at a checkpoint of the field control point; no casualties were reported.

  1. Incursions and Arrests

Thursday, 05 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Islam ‘Issa Asafra (33) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Rujeib village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ghazi Maher Abu Mustafa (24) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Daheya Al-Tahta neighborhood, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wa’el Abdul Karim Hasan Hashash (49). Before their withdrawal from the house, the soldiers confiscated JD 200 and NIS 600 and then handed Hashash a warrant of the confiscated money. Wa’el Hashash said to PCHR fieldworker:

“At approximately 02:00, on 05 September 2019, while my family and I were sleeping, I Israeli forces raided my house in the second floor of my fathers’ 2-story house. They gathered all my family members in the living room and then ordered me to bring the any weapon and money in the house. My wife said that there is JD 200 belonging to my daughter, Roa’a, who graduated from high school. After searching the house, the soldiers took the JD 200 in addition to NIS 600 they found in Roa’as purse. The soldiers counted the money in front of us and then handed me a warrant of the confiscated money. The soldiers later withdrew from the house.”

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Maher Sha’ban al-Ra’ei (24) and the arrested him.

  • At approximately 02:40, Israeli forces moved into Kuber village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Serri Haseeb al-Barghouthi (22) and then arrested him.

  • Israeli forces carried out (4) incursions in Beit Ummer, Beit ‘Awa and Ethna villages in Hebron; and al-Birah. No arrests were reported.

Friday, 06 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Farsh al-Hawa area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Wadeea’ Badran Jaber (25) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 11:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved into Hebron’s Old City. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Bader al-Ajlouni (36) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 19:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They stationed around the Arba’een Mosque and then arrested Ahmed Khalid Ateyah (16) while he was leaving the mosque. It should be noted that al-‘Issawiyah village witnesses for weeks daily clashes with Israeli forces that raid civilians’ houses and stores. Furthermore, Israeli forces impose restrictions by establishing more temporary checkpoints that restrict the civilians’ movement via checking their ID cards and issuing fines against them every now and then.

  • Israeli forces carried out (12) incursions in Beit Led, Kour, Kafer Sour, al-Ras, Jobarah, and Safarin villages in Tulkarm; ‘Azzoun and Kafer Qaddoum villages in Qalqiliyah; Dura, Beit ‘Awa, Sekkah and Tawas villages in Hebron. No arrests were reported.
                                      
Saturday, 07 September 2019:

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Beira and stationed in al-Baloua’ neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Samah Jaradat (20), a student at Birzeit University, and then arrested her.

  • At approximately 10:30, Israeli forces moved into the western entrance to ‘Aqraba village, southwest of Nablus. They confiscated a bulldozer belonging to ‘Aqraba Municipality, which was filling gaps adjacent to the street, and then transferred it to Za’tara checkpoint. Israeli forces claimed that the bulldozer was working in Areas (C). ‘Issam Fawaz Abdul Qader Jarban (55), the bulldozer’s driver, said to PCHR’s fieldworker:
“At approximately 10:30 on Thursday, 07 September 2019 on Thursday, I was driving the municipality’s bulldozer in the western entrance of Za’tara – Jericho Street to fill the dangerous gaps on the street. Suddenly, I was surprised with an Israeli vehicle in front of my way. A soldier stepped out of the vehicle, moved towards me, checked my ID card and then ordered me to drive behind him to Za’atra checkpoint, south of Nablus. After that, the soldiers detained me along with the bulldozer. Mayor, Ghaleb Mayadma, and three municipality members intervened; thus, I was released, but the bulldozer is still confiscated.”

  • At approximately 17:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence between Gaza Strip and Israel, arrested (3) civilians; a boy and 2 children, who crossed the border fence, and then took them to an unknown destination. Five hours after investigation with the children, Israeli forces released two of them through Beit Hanoun “Erez” crossing, north of the Gaza Strip, namely; Mahmoud Jaber Mohammed al-Na’ami (15) and Mohammed Hani Masa’ad Abu Mandeel (17), while kept Bilal Youssef Eid al-Na’ami (18) under arrest. The three arrestees are living in al-Maghazi in the central Gaza Strip. Mohammed Abu Mandeel said to PCHR’s fieldworker:
“At approximately 16:45, on Saturday evening, 07 September 2019, Bilal and Mahmoud al-Na’ami, and I crossed 1000 meters into the border fence, east of al-Maghazi, until we sat under a tree. Meanwhile, Israeli soldiers surrounded us and then ordered us to throw everything we have. Bilal threw a knife and a lighter before they handcuffed us and blindfolded us, taking us to an unknown destination. Thirty minutes later, the soldiers took us to a military site and detained us in a caravan; I saw that from underneath the blindfold. few minutes later, three soldiers took me to an unknown destination, and ordered me to talk with an unknown person by the phone. Further, this person investigated with me and asked about my name, personal information, place of residence, and the reason of crossing the border fence and sneaking to Israel. The investigation on phone continued for 5 minutes after which the soldiers returned me to the caravan and investigated with each of my friends alone. Five hours later, the soldiers stepped us in a military vehicle. they used to stop the vehicle every 15 or 20 minutes beat me in the chest and abdomen. The vehicle stopped an hour later and the soldiers unhand cuffed us and released us at Beit Hanoun “Eriz” Crossing, while kept Bilal al-Na’ami under arrest.”

  • At approximately 20:00, Israeli forces deployed at Hebron’s Old City, arrested Hamdy Hamad Jaber (16) and then took him to an investigation center in “Keryat Arba” settlement, east of the city. The Israeli forces claimed that they found a knife with the abovementioned child.

  • Israeli forces carried out (6) incursions in Kafel Hares and Deir Estia villages in Salfit; ‘Ein Qiniya village, west of Ramallah; Beit Awla, Nuba and Bani Na’im in Hebron. No arrests were reported.

Sunday, 08 September 2019

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into the southern area in Hebron and stationed in Abu Suneinah neighborhood. They raided and searched a house belonging to Fadi Lafi Abu Suneinah (28) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 10:30 on Israeli forces established a temporary military checkpoint at the eastern entrance to al-Nabi Elyas village, east of Qalqiliyah. They checked Palestinian civilians’ ID cards and then arrested Ahmed Hamdan Abdul Hadi Eshtiwi (22), a member of the Palestinian National security service from Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus.

  • At approximately11:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Izariyah village, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched several commercial shops in “Ras Kabsah: area in the village and then arrested Fadi Jamil Matat Shqirat (35).

  • At approximately 16:00, Israeli soldiers deployed in Hebron’s Old City, arrested Nabih Taha Abu Suneinah (22) claiming that he disobeyed he soldiers. Abu Suneinah was transferred to a detention center in “Kiryat Arba” settlement, east of the city.

  • At approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into Hebron and stationed in Sha’er ‘Ein ‘Arab area. They raided and searched a house belonging to Emad Sadeq Qanabi, who is detained since 09 June 2019 and sentenced to life imprisonment in addition to 25 years. The soldiers detained the family members in one room and damaged the house contents and then withdrew from the house; no arrests were reported. Lo’ai (22) said to PCHR’s fieldworker:

“At approximately 23:00, my mother, my sister  Heba (15) and brother Zain (17) were sleeping in our house while my brother Abdullah (23) was sitting in a store near the house. Abdullah phone called me and informed me that Israeli soldiers raided and searched our house yard. When I arrived at the house, the soldiers raided the house and entered the living room. A soldier then pushed me into the wall and then detained me in my room. The soldiers did the same with my family members at gunpoint and then searched the rooms. We asked the solders to bring my mother’s jewelry and our money and they allowed us to take them after we argued with them. I tried to speak to a soldier, but he shouted at me and verbally insulted me and my family. The soldier then took me to the toilet where he sat me down at gunpoint for 20 minutes. During their search, other soldiers broke our house contents while searching the rooms in addition to the second floor, which was uninhabited. The soldier took me to my room and asked me about my PC and then moved me to an empty room in the second floor. At approximately 03:30 on Monday 09 September 2019, the solders withdrew from our house.  we found out that the soldiers ransacked the house.”

  • Israeli forces carried out (13) incursions in al-Shuyoukh village and al-Fawar refugee camp, north and south of Hebron; Tulkarm, Shuweikah Suburb, Far’oun, al-Jaroushiyah, ‘Azzoun, Kafer Laqef and al-Nabi E;yas villages, Tulkarm and Noor Shams refugee camps east of Qalqiliyah; Kafer al-Deek and Bedia villages, west of Salfit. No arrests were reported.

Monday, 09 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Qabatiyah village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched several houses and then arrested Amin Mohammed Tawfiq Zakarnah (27) and Ahmed Yusuf Khalil Kamil (21).
  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel village, north west of Hebron. They raided and searched the houses belonging to: Laith Yousef Abdul-Hadi ‘Assafra (24) and Mohammed Jehad Assafra (28). They arrested both of them.

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Mazra’ah eastern village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Mohammed al-Shurti (23) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Tal village, southwest of Nablus. They raided and searched several a house belonging to Malek Bilal Mohammed Eshtiya (26) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into Silwan village, northeast of Ramallah. They raided and searched several houses after which they arrested Khalil Hasan Mar’I Hamed (33), Mousa Yasser al-Najjar (27), No’man Saleh Hamed (24), Mohammed Lutfi al-Najjar (24) and Mohammed Yasser Hamed (21).

  • At approximately 09:00, Yusuf Abed Shehadah (19) handed himself to Israeli forces in investigation center in “Atarot” detention center, north of occupied East of Jerusalem, after the soldiers raided his house few days ago and handed his family a summons to refer to the Israeli Intelligence Service.

  • At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces backed by 6 military construction vehicles and bulldozers moved about 100 meters into east of al-Buraij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. The vehicles leveled the lands and repaired the barbed wire in lands adjacent to the border fence and then they were redeployed along the border fence.

  • At approximately 14:30, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a number of houses and then arrested Amin Omer Hamed (23) and Mohammed Ayman ‘Obaid (20).

  • Israeli forces carried out (2) incursions in Sowreif and Noba villages in Hebron.

Tuesday, 10 September 2019:

  • At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Omer Khader al-Shakhshir (25) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into Ya’bud village, southwest of Jenin, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Zaid Ahmed Ba’jawi (15) and the arrested him.

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Jaber Nouh Majirami (21) and then arrested him.

  • At the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hebron, stationed at Abu-Snaina neighborhood and raided a number of houses under the pretext of searching for weapons with police dogs. The houses belonged to Nael Ahmed Abu-Hussein and his sons; Ahmed Omar Abu-Hussein; and Said Moustafa Abu-Hussein. They arrested Nael Abu-Hussein (60) and took him to an unknown destination.

  • At the same time, Israeli forces raided Jabal Abu-Roman neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and ransacked Kazem Mohammed al-Qasrawi and Azzam Hamdi Abu-‘Aysha’s houses. They withdrew without any arrests.

  • At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Jaba’a village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to Baha’a Fayez Salatnah (39) and Morad Mohammed Sa’ed Fashafsha (28) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Tubas. They raided and searched a house belonging to Lo’ai Rashed Abdul Razeq (25) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 03:40, Israeli forces moved into Beit Liqya village, southwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched 2 houses belonging to ‘Ali Nouh Karmi (21) and Younis Sa”ed Dar Mousa (24) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 04:30, Israeli forces moved into Qalqiliya, raided a number of houses and arrest 3 civilians: Nour Adnan Abed (19); Abdul-Latif Ayman Abu-Shaykh (20) and Yacoub Kamal Jabara (21).

  • Israeli forces conducted (5) incursions in Um Safa village, northwest of Ramallah; Eskan Rojeeb and Salem villages, east of Nablus. No arrests were reported.


Wednesday, 11 September 2019:
                   
  • At approximately 01:40, Israeli forces moved into Birzeit village, north of Ramallah, and stationed in the Old City. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Yazan Mahgames (20) and Amir Walim Hazbou (20), both are students at Birzeit Universitym, and then arrested them.

  • At approximately 14:00, Israeli forces arrested Ahmed Khalil Abu ‘Aram (26), from Yatta, south of Hebron after detaining him at a temporary checkpoint at Hebron’s southern entrance (al-Fahes).

  • At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Doha village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Baker Mousa Qowar (22) and then arrested him.

  • At approximately 04:00, Israeli forces moved into al-‘Issawiyah village, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They raided and searched a house belonging to Zaki Sultan ‘Obaid (24) and then arrested him.

  • Israeli forces conducted (14) incursions in al-Samou’a, Beit Awla, Deir Samet villages and Kherbat al-Semia in Hebron; Kouber, Abu Qash, Barham, Abu Shakhidem, al-Mazra’a al-Gharbiyah, Jafna, ‘Ein Senia, Dor al-Qare’a villages and al-Jalazoun refugee camp in Ramallah and al-Birah.

  • At approximately 02:15, Israeli forces moved into Balata refugee camp, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mahmoud Ghazi Abu Zaytoun (21) and then arrested him.

III. Settlement Expansion and settler violence in the West Bank including occupied East Jerusalem

  1. Demolition and Confiscation of Civilian Property for Settlement Expansion Activities

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Jameel Masalmah implemented the Israeli municipality decision to self-demolish his house in Wadi Rababah area in Silwan village, south of occupied East Jerusalem’s Old City. Masalmah said that the municipality staff raided his house and informed him to self-demolish his house completely within 24 hours or he will pay a fine estimated at NIS 84,000. Thus, he was forced to self-demolish his 50-sqaure-meter houses built 20 years ago. He added that he attempted to license his houses, but in vain. It should be noted that there is an unlicensed 4-story-building for settlers located next to his house. He said that he was forced to live in his brother’s house with his family comprising of 5 persons. Lately, the Israeli Municipality escalated its self-demolish policy and ordered the facilities’ owners in Jerusalem to self-demolish their facilities. If the owners refused, they will pay a fine and demolition costs. Since the beginning of this year, over 110 residential, agricultural and commercial facilities were demolished in Jerusalem; 30 of them were self-demolished by using bulldozers, manual tools and machinery.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles in addition to a bulldozer belonging to the Civil Administration moved into Kherbat Salamah, east of Tarqumiya village, west of Hebron. The bulldozer demolished an agricultural room built of bricks and tin plates on an area of 10 square meters belonging to Mohammed Khalil Ja’afrah. The room was demolished under the pretext of building without a license.

  • At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces moved into “ Mohamed Mount” area, which belongs to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia. The Israeli forces surrounded a bulldozer and a truck belonging to Amjad ‘Abed al-Mo’min Yousef Jum’a, from Kafur Qaddoum village, and Samer Redwan ‘Abed al-Latif Ahmed, from Hejah village, under the pretext of non-licensing in area C. Jum’a said to PCHR’s fieldworker that: “ at approximately 14:00 on Monday, 09 September 2019, while we were leveling and cleaning a road within a project belonging to Kafur Qaddoum village committee, Israeli forces backed by a vehicle of the Israeli Civil Administration ordered us to stop working and then confiscated the truck and bulldozer, taking them to an unknown destination. We were at around 50 meters away from residential houses and did not know if construction works are banned in this area or not. Following that, we headed to the official authorities and the Israeli military liaison, which informed us that construction works in area C are banned and gave us a list of confiscated items.

  • At approximately 07:00, on Wednesday 11 September 2019, Israeli soldiers and machinery carried out the foundation’s destruction of two buildings in al-Aizareya city, east of the occupied eastern Jerusalem belonging to Samer Abu Zeyad, under the pretext of building without a permit.
Abu Zeyad said that the Israeli forces moved into the two buildings that are still under construction in Ra’s al-Bostan neighborhood, in al-Aizareya city, after completely closing all roads leading to it. After that, the Israeli bulldozers destroyed them and prevented everybody from approaching to the site, and attempted to attack his son Mohammed (20). Mohammed said that he started the building process from the beginning of this year. Abu Zeyad added that the occupied government handed him the destruction decision in May, but he cancelled the decision and got a building license from the competent authorities, but he was surprised in the abovementioned day from the destruction decision.

  • At approximately 09:00 of the same day, Israeli military forces reinforced with several military vehicles, belonging to the Civil Administration and four diggers moved into Kherbet al-Mafqara in the southeast of Yata, south of Hebron. The Israeli forces surrounded the civilians’ houses, while destruction machinery destroyed (3) tinplate houses and a residential tint, under the pretext of building without a permit. The destroyed houses belonging to:
  1. Fady Jasem al-Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  2. Bakr Mohammed Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  3. Mo’az Hussain Mahmoud Hamamda: a tinplate house willing of 25 Square meters.
  4. ‘Adla Maher al-Hamamda: a residential tent willing of 20 Square meters.
  • At the same time, an Israeli force backed by several military vehicles, a vehicle belonging to the Civil Administration and 2 diggers, moved into Kherbat al-Rakeez, southeast of Yatta, south of Hebron. They surrounded civilians’ houses and then demolished 3 rooms built of tin plates and bricks on an area of 20 square meters in addition to a well of 50 cubic meters belonging to jabber Mohammed Dababsah and ‘Amer Mohammed Dababsah. They also closed the road connecting al-Mosafer area that links between al-Towanah and Sho’ab al-Batam.


  1. Israeli Settler Violence


  • At approximately 05:00 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a group of Israeli settlers, from “Yatizhar” settlement, which is established in the eastern side of ‘Asirah al-Qabaliyia village, attacked al-Foqah neighborhood. They broke the windows of 3 vehicles with stones and punctured their tires. The village’s residents confronted them and threw stones at them. The affected persons were identified as: ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed, ‘Abed al-Wahab ‘Abed al-Rahman Mohamed Ahmed, and Rafiq ‘Abed al-Baset Mohamed Ahmed.

  1. Closure policy and restrictions on freedom of movement of persons and goods
                          
The Gaza Strip

As the Israeli closure of the Gaza Strip enters its 14th consecutive year this July, severe restrictions on the freedom of movement of persons and goods enhance the de facto separation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Moreover, Israeli naval forces imposed a blockade, chased fishermen, opened fire at them, and confiscated their fishing equipment. During the reporting period, — shooting incidents and chasing fishermen and their boats were documented.

Note: No updates occurred on the state of the crossing during the reporting.

West Bank

In addition to permanent checkpoints and closed roads, this week witnessed the establishment of more temporary checkpoints that restrict the goods and individuals movement between villages and cities and deny civilians’ access to their work. Israeli forces established 45 temporary checkpoints and arrested a number of civilians.

The military checkpoint were as follows:

Hebron:

  • On Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to al-‘Aroub and al-Fawar refugee camps, at the entrance to al-Dahiriyia village, and on Jalajel village road.
  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, 2 similar checkpoints were established at the northern entrance to Hebron and at the entrance to Yatta.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints at the southern entrance to Halhoul village and at the entrances to Ethna and Samou’a villages.
  • On Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established 4 checkpoints at the entrances to Bani Na’iem, al-Dahiriyia, al-Koum and Abu Risha villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the southern entrances to Hebron and Halhoul, as well as Bani Nai’m village.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established 5 temporary checkpoints on the entrances of Hebron, al-Samou’ village, al-‘Aroub refugee camp, al-Kom village and Tarousa road.
  • On Wednesday, 11 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 checkpoints on the entrances to Yatta city and Tafouh village.

Ramallah and al-Bireh:

  • On Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the southern entrance to Ramallah.
  • On Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 checkpoints on the entrances to Ayn Siena, Tarmasi’a and Nabi Saleh villages.
  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 3 temporary checkpoints on the entrances to Nabi Saleh and ‘Aboud villages on the north western side of Ramallah, as well as Beit ‘Our Tahta, west of the city.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established another checkpoint on the entrance of Dourat al-Qar’ village, north of the city.

Jericho:

  • On Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established 2 temporary checkpoints on the southern and northern entrances to Jericho.
  • On Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northern entrance to Jericho.

Nablus:

  • At approximately 20:25 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces imposed more arbitrary restrictions on Palestinian civilians’ vehicles while passing through Beit Foreek village’s checkpoint.
  • At approximately 14:00 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the south-eastern entrance to Tal village.
  • At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 10 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint on Tal Nablus Road, south of Nablus.
  • At approximately 11:00, Israeli forces stationed at a military checkpoint established at the entrance to “Shafi Shamroun” settelemnt, on Jenin-Nablus Road, obstructed Palestinian civilians’ movement, stopped their vehicles and checked the passengers’ IDs. No arrests among them were reported.

  • Qalqiliyia:

  • At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 05 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

  • At approximately 18:50 on Saturday, 07 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Heblah village, south of Qalqiliyia.

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kafur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqiliyia.

  • At approximately 19:15 on 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance to Qalqiliyia.

  • At approximately 18:50 on Sunday, 08 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the entrance to Koffor Qadoum village, north east of Qalqilyia.

  • Also on Sunday, at approximately 19:15, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint at the eastern city entrance.

  • At approximately 08:40 on Monday, 09 September 2019, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint on the northen entrance on ‘Azzoun village;

  • Also on Monday, Israeli forces established a temporary checkpoint, at approximately 20:10 on the entrance to al-Nabi Elias village, east of the city.

Salfit:

  • At approximately 11:30 on Friday, 06 September 2019, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance to Dir Ballout village, west of Salfit.
  • At approximately 21:00, a similar checkpoint was established at the entrance to Kaful Hares village, north of the city.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
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