Wednesday, 8 July 2020

A Historical Reminder of What Defines the United States, as Told by a Former Slave. Frederick Douglas (1817-1895)

By Cynthia Chung
5 July 2020

We live in tumultuous days… one could say “the end of an era”.
It is clear that there is a storm coming, however, the question is will it be the sort of storm that provides sustenance and relief to drought-stricken and barren lands, or will it be the sort of storm that destroys indiscriminately and leaves nothing recognizable in its wake?
There is such a heavy tension in the air, the buildup we are told of centuries of injustice, oppression and murder. It feels like the entire world’s burden has laid itself upon one culprit and that it is high time that that villain pay for past blood spilled.
That villain is the United States.
It is common to hear that this nation was created under the hubristic banner of “Freedom from Empire”, while it brutally owned slaves and committed genocide on the indigenous people. That the “Declaration of Independence” and the “U.S. Constitution” are despicable displays of the highest degree of grotesque hypocrisy, and that in reality the U.S. was to replace one system of empire with another and far worse.
These are weighty charges indeed, and nobody can deny that great crimes against humanity have been committed. However, it is important that we review this history in full, for if we lose sight of the forest, we will be losing sight of an ongoing battle that is still waging.
We will have abandoned the work of past heroes that has been left unfinished and will have replaced it with the false idol of anarchy, mistaking its ‘empty-promises of liberty’ as a mark of what constitutes a ‘true freedom’.
How can we avoid such ‘empty-promises’ and strive for ‘true freedom’?
There is no better account in addressing such a question as that of Frederick Douglass (1817-1895), a former slave who would become an advisor to Abraham Lincoln during the dark days of the Civil War and the Consul General to Haiti in his elder years.
A through-and-through TRUE American hero (1).
From Slavery to Freedom
Frederick Douglass was born in Talbot County, in the State of Maryland. Though it was impossible to know his exact date of birth, he gathers that the month of February 1817 is as accurate as possible. The name given to him by his dear mother was, in the words of Douglass “no less pretentious and long” than Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey (Frederick’s mother was believed to be the only slave in the region who knew how to read).
Frederick recalls that in his youth
“I was just as well aware of the unjust, unnatural, and murderous character of slavery, when nine years old, as I am now. Without any appeals to books, to laws, or to authorities of any kind, to regard God as ‘Our Father’ condemned slavery as a crime.”
Already, by the age of nine, Frederick had set himself upon not only the idea of escape from this destitution, but was always mindful to an education wherever he could find it.
Luckily, in this unhappy state his only adult friend Miss Lucretia, (daughter of Captain Anthony the slaveholder of Frederick), arranged for Frederick, at the age of ten, to be sent away from the plantations to live in Baltimore with her husband’s brother Hugh Auld.
It was in Baltimore that Frederick would learn how to read.
Years go by and at around the age of fifteen or sixteen, Frederick is sent back to the plantations (over a family squabble), and not surprisingly is found to be wholly unfit for a life of hard-labour as an obedient slave. He is thus promptly sent to “Covey, The Negro Breaker” to lodge with for a period of one year.
For six months, Frederick was whipped and beaten on a regular basis. From the dawn of day till the complete darkness in the evening, he was kept hard at work in the fields, and was worked up to the point of his powers of endurance.
Until one day he decides finally that it is better to resist and risk the consequences than continue to live such a contemptible life as a mere brute. He decides one day to simply refuse to be treated as an animal, not to strike back but to oppose the striking.
As Frederick states
A man without force is without the essential dignity of humanity. Human nature is so constituted, that it cannot honor a helpless man, though it can pity him, and even this it cannot do long if signs of power do not arise. He only can understand the effect of this combat on my spirit, who has himself incurred something, or hazarded something, in repelling the unjust and cruel aggressions of a tyrant. Covey was a tyrant and a cowardly one withal. After resisting him, I felt as I had never felt before. It was a resurrection from the dark and pestiferous tomb of slavery, to the heaven of comparative freedom. I was no longer a servile coward, trembling under the frown of a brother worm of the dust, but my long-cowed spirit was roused to an attitude of independence. I had reached the point at which I was not afraid to die. This spirit made me a freeman in fact, though I still remained a slave in form. When a slave cannot be flogged, he is more than half free. He has a domain as broad as his own manly heart to defend, and he is really ‘a power on earth’. From this time until my escape from slavery, I was never fairly whipped. Several attempts were made, but they were always unsuccessful. Bruised I did get, but the instance I have described was the end of the brutification to which slavery had subjected me.”
The Abolitionist Cause in Light of the Preservation of the Union
“…that the fathers of the Republic neither intended the extension nor the perpetuity of slavery and that liberty is national and slavery is sectional.” – Frederick Douglass
To make a long story short, Frederick would successfully escape the South and on September 3rd 1838, arriving in New York at the age of 21, he would finally embark on a life as a free man.
It would be only four or five months living in New Bedford before Douglass would meet William Lloyd Garrison, one of the most prominent leaders of the Abolitionist movement. It did not take long for Douglass to be invited along their speaking tours to recount his story as a runaway slave from the South.
Though Douglass would owe much of his future as a great orator and writer in thanks to his Abolitionist friends who gave him a strong start in this direction and introduced him to many important figures, Douglass would eventually distance himself from the Abolitionist “scripture”.
This distancing was caused by Douglass’ later recognition that there was in fact, no “pro-slavery” character in the U.S. Constitution as Garrison had been stating.Falsifying History on Behalf Of Agendas. “US Civil War was about Money not Slavery”
Douglass states,
After a time, a careful reconsideration of the subject convinced me that there was no necessity for dissolving the union between the northern and southern states, that to seek this dissolution was not part of my duty as an abolitionist, that to abstain from voting was to refuse to exercise a legitimate and powerful means for abolishing slavery, and that the Constitution of the United States not only contained no guarantees in favor of slavery, but, on the contrary, was in its letter and spirit an antislavery instrument, demanding the abolition of slavery as a condition of its own existence as the supreme law of the land.”
During this time, Douglass would start his own anti-slavery newspaper called “The North Star”. Along with this new editorial responsibility, Douglass would no longer leave it to the “good advice” of his “more learned” Abolitionist friends, but would take the responsibility upon himself to seek out and come to know whether such assertions by the Abolitionists on the nature of the Republic were true.
 “My new circumstances compelled me to re-think the whole subject, and to study with some care not only the just and proper rules of legal interpretation, but the origin, design, nature, rights, powers, and duties of civil governments, and also the relations which human beings sustain to it. By such a course of thought and reading I was conducted to the conclusion that the Constitution of the United States – inaugurated to ‘form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty’ – could not well have been designed at the same time to maintain and perpetuate a system of rapine and murder like slavery, especially as not one word can be found in the Constitution to authorize such a belief…the Constitution of our country is our warrant for the abolition of slavery in every state of the Union…being convinced of the fact, my duty upon this point in the further conduct of my paper [The North Star] was plain.”
Abraham Lincoln would be elected as the President of the United States on March 4th, 1861. To which Douglass stated of the occasion:
It was Mr. Lincoln who told the American people at this crisis that the ‘Union could not long endure half slave and half free; that they must be all one or the other, and that the public mind could find no resting place but in the belief in the ultimate extinction of slavery.’ These were not the words of an abolitionist – branded a fanatic, and carried away by an enthusiastic devotion to the Negro – but the calm cool, deliberate utterance of a statesman, comprehensive enough to take in the welfare of the whole country…In a few simple words he had embodied the thought of the loyal nation, and indicated the character fit to lead and guide the country amid perils present and to come.
On Meeting Lincoln
“I still believed, and spoke as I believed, all over the North, that the mission of the war was the liberation of the slave, as well as the salvation of the Union…” – Frederick Douglass
With this newly discovered orientation, Douglass not only put the preservation of the Union as something necessary and expedient but, most importantly, something that could not be sacrificed in striving for the Abolitionist cause.
Douglass would be one of the first to encourage the recruitment, through his paper “The North Star”, of black soldiers to join the Union’s war against the Confederate South. The thought was that by these men joining the war, they would prove their mettle in the cause for emancipation.
These were hard days, since black soldiers were not given equal treatment nor protection in the Union army. They also risked, if captured by the South, being enslaved, a sentence in Douglass’ words “worse than death”. Douglass had been assured that equal treatment would eventually occur, but it was too slow moving in his eyes and he refused to continue recruiting black soldiers into the Union army.
It was at this point that Douglass was invited to meet with President Lincoln to discuss his concerns over the matter.
Douglass describes his first meeting with Lincoln:
I was never more quickly or more completely put at ease in the presence of a great man than in that of Abraham Lincoln…Long lines of care were already deeply written on Mr. Lincoln’s brow, and his strong face, full of earnestness, lighted up as soon as my name was mentioned…I at once felt myself in the presence of an honest man – one whom I could love, honor, and trust without reserve or doubt.
One of the points of concern Douglass discussed with the President, was on the unfair treatment of black soldiers as POWs and suggested that the North should retaliate and commit the same treatment on their Southern POWs to dissuade this unequal treatment, to which Lincoln responded,
Retaliation was a terrible remedy, and one which it was very difficult to apply – that, if once begun, there was no telling where it would end – that if he could get hold of the Confederate soldiers who had been guilty of treating colored soldiers as felons he could easily retaliate, but the thought of hanging men for a crime perpetrated by others was revolting to his feelings…Though I was not entirely satisfied with his views, I was so well satisfied with the man and with the educating tendency of the conflict I determined to go on with the recruiting.
Douglass reflects on his decision:
“It was a great thing to achieve American independence when we numbered three millions, but it was a greater thing to save this country from dismemberment and ruin when it numbered thirty millions. He alone of all our presidents was to have the opportunity to destroy slavery, and to lift into manhood millions of his countrymen hitherto held as chattels and numbered with the beasts of the field.”
The Emancipation Proclamation
“Since William the Silent, who was the soul of the mighty war for religious liberty against Spain and the Spanish Inquisition, no leader of men has been loved and trusted in such generous measures as was Abraham Lincoln.”
– Frederick Douglass
During the third year of the sanguinary Civil War, January 1st 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Douglass states of the occasion: “the formal and solemn announcement was made that thereafter the government would be found on the side of emancipation…It must be the end of all compromises with slavery – a declaration that thereafter the war was to be conducted on a new principle, with a new aim.
It was at this point that Lincoln received criticism for extending the war unnecessarily. The South was ready to make certain concessions and the North was eager to end the war. By Lincoln announcing the Emancipation Proclamation, it was thought by many to be a reckless provocation making any possibility of peace fruitless.
On this subject, Douglass would meet with Lincoln for the last time, before he would be assassinated.
The main subject on which he wished to confer with me was as to the means most desirable to be employed outside the army to induce the slaves in the rebel states to come within the deferral lines. The increasing opposition to the war, in the North, and the mad cry against it, because it was being made an abolition war, alarmed Mr. Lincoln, and made him apprehensive that a peace might be forced upon him which would leave still in slavery all who had not come within our lines. What he wanted was to make his proclamation as effective as possible in the event of such a peace…He said he was being accused of protracting the war beyond its legitimate object and failing to make peace when he might have done so to advantage. He was afraid of what might come of all these complaints, but was persuaded that no solid and lasting peace could come short of absolute submission on the part of the rebels [the South]…He saw the danger of premature peace…I was the more impressed by this benevolent consideration because he before said, in answer to the peace clamor, that his object was to save the Union, and to do so with or without slavery. What he said on this day showed a deeper moral conviction against slavery than I had ever seen before in anything spoken or written by him. I listened with the deepest interest and profoundest satisfaction, and, at his suggestion, agreed to undertake the organizing of a band of scouts, composed of colored men, whose business should be somewhat after the original plan of John Brown, to go into the rebel states, beyond the lines of our armies, and to carry the news of emancipation, and urge the slaves to come within our boundaries.
…I refer to this conversation because I think that, on Mr. Lincoln’s part, it is evidence conclusive that the proclamation, so far at least as he was concerned, was not effected merely as a [political] ‘necessity’.
President Lincoln would be selected to continue a second term and was inaugurated on March 4th, 1865. About one month after the official end of the Civil War. Lincoln would be assassinated just a mere 41 days after his second inauguration.
Douglass writes, “His first inauguration arrested the fall of the Republic, and the second was to restore it to enduring foundations.” The fact that Lincoln’s leadership was savagely cut short was a tragedy for all who understood that the true foundation of the Republic was built upon the principle “liberty for all”.
In that sad moment, when the country heard of the death of their leader who was to bring them closer to this goal, Douglass states,
“We shared in common a terrible calamity, and this ‘touch of nature made us’ more than countrymen, it made us ‘kin’.”
Reflections on the Past
It is an utmost testament to the grace and nobility of Frederick Douglass’ character that an soon as the law and spirit of slavery had been broken, he made a point to no longer harbour hate and resentment for the past wrongs committed upon himself. He recognised that humanity was indeed inherently good and would ultimately strive towards goodness if left to its natural tendency… that to punish the children of those who committed crimes before them would destroy any good that ever existed in the world.
Douglass recounts,
If any reader of this part of my life shall see in it the evidence of a want of manly resentment for wrongs inflicted by slavery upon myself and race, and by the ancestors of…[those who once owned slaves], so it must be. No man can be stronger than nature, one touch of which, we are told, makes all the world akin. I esteem myself a good, persistent hater of injustice and oppression, but my resentment ceases when they cease, and I have no heart to visit upon children the sins of their father.
I will end here with an account of Douglass when he revisits the place where he was born a “slave” and sees his former “master” Captain Auld, upon his request on his deathbed, after his escape to the North over 25 years ago:
But now that slavery was destroyed, and the slave and the master stood upon equal ground, I was not only willing to meet him, but was very glad to do so…He was to me no longer a slaveholder either in fact or in spirit, and I regarded him as I did myself, a victim of the circumstances of birth, education, law, and custom.
Our courses had been determined for us, not by us. We had both been flung, by powers that did not ask our consent, upon a mighty current of life, which we could neither resist, nor control. By this current he was a master, and I a slave, but now our lives were verging towards a point where differences disappear, where even the constancy of hate breaks down and where the clouds of pride, passion, and selfishness vanish before the brightness of infinite light.
*
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Cynthia Chung is a lecturer, writer and co-founder and editor of the Rising Tide Foundation (Montreal, Canada).
Note
(1) This paper has used Douglass’ account of American history from his writings in his autobiography “Life and Times of Frederick Douglass”, for which the full pdf version can be found here.
Featured image is from Wikimedia CommonsThe original source of this article is Strategic Culture FoundationCopyright © Cynthia ChungStrategic Culture Foundation, 2020

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الحالمون بلبنان «نموذج 1920» مهلوسون


تتشابه أحداث التاريخ لناحية الشكل فقط، لكنها تختلف بالنتائج لتنوّع المشاريع والأدوات والعناصر والتوازنات.
هذه من الأحكام التي يتعلمها الإنسان، إلا أن نفراً من اللبنانيين يتجاهلها مكرراً الأخطاء نفسها التي سبق للخط السياسي الذي ينتمي إليه، أن اقترفها منذ قرن من الزمن.هذا يقودُ إلى حزب القوات اللبنانية وريث حزب الكتائب والحامل لفكر انعزالي معادِ تاريخياً للمنطقة العربية بدءاً من سورية حتى أعالي اليمن والقائم على تقليد الغرب، كيفما اتجه واستدار.لا بأس في البداية من الإشارة إلى أن لبنان الحالي هو من تأسيس الانتداب الفرنسي الذي تضامن مع مساعٍ للكنيسة المارونية وفئات الإقطاع في عملية تصنيع كيان لبناني جرى تشكيله بمعادلة طوائفية إنما بهيمنة مارونية كاملة. فنشأ سياسياً خطان لبنانيان، أحدهما يميل إلى الغرب الذي كان فرنسياً وأصبح أميركياً وآخر يجنح نحو المنطقة العربية من بوابة سورية.
أتباع الخط الغربي كانوا الأكثر قوة على مستوى التنظيم الطائفي والاقتصادي والتحشيدي لأنهم يربطون بين استمرارية الكيان السياسي اللبناني والغرب الداعم له، معتقدين أن مناصرين الخط الآخر يعملون على استتباع لبنان للمنطقة.لذلك أمسك لبنانيّو الغرب بالإدارة والمصارف والتجارة والعسكر على مستويي الجيش والأمن الداخلي، وكانوا يميلون إلى كل اعتداء غربي على المنطقة مع علاقات سريّة للمتطرفين منهم مع «إسرائيل».
والدليل أنهم في أحداث 1958 أيّدوا الاعتداءات الأميركية على المنطقة والإنزال الأميركي على سواحل لبنان وساندوا احتلالاً أميركياً أوروبياً للبنان في 1982، مواكبين آنذاك اجتياحاً إسرائيلياً وصل إلى بيروت وداعمين «استحداث كانتون» لسعد حداد ووريثه لحد في جنوب لبنان بتغطية إسرائيلية ومنظّمين حرباً أهلية في 1975 لتنفيس صعود القوى الوطنية اللبنانية في الدولة وارتباطاتها بالفلسطينية.هناك تغييرات عميقة تشكلت بعد ذلك الوقت في العلاقات السياسية الداخلية، استناداً لسلسلة انتصارات سجلها حزب الله والقوى الوطنية اللبنانية في وجه «إسرائيل» من جهة والقيود التي كانت مفروضة عليهم من قبل النظام اللبناني.هذه التحالفات بين الحزب والقوى الوطنية لها ميزات متعددة، أولها أن مشروعه وطني غير طائفي وبالإمكان اعتباره عابراً للمحدودية اللبنانية لأنه جابه في آن معاً الكيان الإسرائيلي المحتل وطائفية النظام اللبناني، والدليل أنه لم يربط إنجازاته الكبيرة بأي مطالب داخلية.أما الإنجاز الثاني فيتعلق بتقليص أحجام القوى الطائفية المتنوعة في النظام اللبناني حتى أصبح هناك نظام طوائفي في السلطة، ومشروع نظام وطني في المجتمع، لكن المشروع الوطني لا يزال يصعد مقابل التراجع المستمر للنظام الطائفي.هذا ما استوعبته أحزاب القوات والمستقبل والاشتراكي ونفر غير قليل من القوى الشيعيّة، هؤلاء يحاولون استغلال جنون أميركي يحارب تراجع نفوذ بلاده بسلسلة آليات اقتصادية وعسكرية تضرب اليمن بقصف جوي غير مسبوق وتخنق إيران بكل ما يملك الأميركيون من إمكانات اقتصادية داخلية وخارجية، مثيراً مزيداً من الاضطرابات الدافعة نحو تفتيت العراق، معاوداً دفع الأمور إلى صدامات كبرى في شرق الفرات السوري وإدلب.كما اختزن للبنان خنقاً اقتصادياً بحصاره بحركتي الاستيراد والتصدير، ما أدى إلى جفاف مصارفه وفرار رساميلها وسرقة الودائع، واحتجبت الكهرباء وأقفلت التفاعلات الاقتصادية وغابت السياحة ما أدى إلى انتشار فقر صاعد غير مسبوق يهدّد بانفجار اقتصادي وسياسي.. وكياني أيضاً.
هذه الموجة هي التي يحاول الفريق الأميركي في لبنان ركوبها لضرب خطوة التوازنات في الداخل، فيعتقد جعجع ببساطة أن هذا الضغط الأميركي هو السبيل الوحيد لضرب الأدوار الداخلية والإقليمية لحزب الله، وخنق التيار الوطني الحر، وإبعاد نبيه بري عن رئاسة المجلس النيابي وتدمير الأحزاب الوطنية اللبنانية وإقفال الحدود مع سورية تمهيداً لفتح معبر آخر يربط لبنان بالخليج من خلال الكيان المحتل فالأردن والسعودية مباشرةً من دون الحاجة لاستعمال الحدود السورية والخدمات الاقتصادية للعراق.
بذلك يتماهى حلف جعجع – الحريري – جنبلاط مع المشروع الخليجي بالتحالف مع «إسرائيل» فينتمون إليه بما يجمع بين سياساتهم الموالية للأميركي السعودي الإسرائيلي وحاجتهم إلى المعونات الاقتصادية.
لكن المهم بالنسبة لهذا الفريق أن تنعكس ولاءاتهم الخارجية على مستوى تسليمهم السلطة في لبنان، وهذا يتطلب نصراً على حزب الله والقوى الوطنية وحركة أمل والتيار الوطني الحر وقوات المردة وبعض الأرمن والسنة المستقلين والدروز عند أرسلان ووهاب.
إن التدقيق بهذه الكتل، يكشف أنها تشكل أكثرية سياسية واجتماعية لبنانية بمعدلات كبيرة، وقد يحتاج إلحاق هزيمة بنيوية بها لحروب المئة عام.بما يعني أن الفريق الجعجعي ذاهب نحو طلب قوات أميركية وإسرائيلية مباشرة لغزو لبنان وضرب القوى المعادية للنفوذ الغربي الاستعماري وتسليم السلطة لـ»الحكيم».أليس هذا من باب فقدان الرزانة السياسية ولا يندرج إلا في إطار الثقة ووضع لبنان في مصير سوداوي؟
ما يجب تأكيده أن لبنان نموذج 2020 هو غير لبنان القديم الفرنسي، فالحالي منتصر على إسرائيل والإرهاب والقوات المتعددة، وقواه في حزب الله والقوى الوطنية وحركة أمل جاهزة للتعامل مع كل أنواع المخاطر، بما فيها الاحتلال الإسرائيلي الذي فرَّ مذعوراً في 2000 و2006، والأميركيون المتراجعون في معظم الشرق الأوسط، وفي القريب العاجل.. من لبنان.

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Sayyed Nasrallah Launches Battle to Confront Economic Crisis, To US: Your Policy Won’t Weaken Hezbollah




Sayyed Nasrallah Launches Battle to Confront Economic Crisis, To US: Your Policy Won’t Weaken Hezbollah
Click the photo to watch the Video

Beirut- Hezbollah Secretary General His Eminence Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah delivered on Tuesday a televised speech on the latest developments, particularly the Lebanese internal situation.
At the beginning of his speech, Sayyed Nasrallah recalled the anniversary of the Divine victory scored July war “the resistance’s victories and the defeat of the American scheme in the region from the Lebanese Gate. He further announced that he is to tackle this victory as well as the triumph over the takfiri terrorism in the coming speeches.
Meanwhile, His Eminence remembered the ‘late dear and noble Ayatollah Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlullah, who stood firm in support of the resistance. We feel him living with us despite a decade on his departure.”
On the internal Lebanese situation, Sayyed Nasrallah viewed that “What the Lebanese are suffering on the economic level requires the cooperation, solidarity and sincerity of all sides. The current situation at the economic, financial and social levels requires everyone’s efforts and intelligence.”
“He who deals with the economic crisis must think about all Lebanon and not a certain village or district because the repercussions of the crisis are affecting everyone,” he said, pointing out that “The starting point of the solution is to deal with this crisis in humanitarian, patriotic, moral and religious manner.”
Calling for following “a national approach” to solve the crisis, the Resistance Leader underscored that “One should think of all those living on Lebanese soil, including refugees.”
In parallel, he clarified that “Moving towards the east does not mean cutting ties with the West and we are open to any country that is willing to help Lebanon by setting deposits and providing loans. We are open to get help from any country in the world except from the “Israeli” entity.”
“Unfortunately, some people have begun to claim that we are seeking to make Lebanon as part of certain axes,” His Eminence added, saying “We are not seeking to cut off the ‘Western oxygen’ from anyone in Lebanon. Let them breathe it.”  
In addition, Sayyed Nasrallah declared that “Hezbollah will put all its considerations aside to make Lebanon pass this difficult stage.”
“I heard some people saying, ‘They want to turn Lebanon into the Iranian model.’ We did not say that. We asked the Iranians to help us, otherwise they need dollar,” he added.
Assuring everyone that “No one wants to implement the Iranian model nor change the face of Lebanon” Sayyed Nasrallah underscored that “We must be open to any country in the world willing to help Lebanon, We must knock its door and search for opportunities.”
“Hezbollah won’t be an obstacle if America wants to help Lebanon,” he said, pointing out that “We must set the way to prevent the state’s collapse and hunger as a goal.”
Regarding claims that Hezbollah seeks to turn Lebanon into an Iranian model, His Eminence confirmed that “Iran is making sacrifices when it agrees to sell oil products to Lebanon in Lebanese Pound. Iran’s economic example is a good example because it has dealt with the siege and sanctions and has reached self-sufficiency.”
Praising Iran’s resistance to US sanctions over the decades and compared Iran to Lebanon and said: “Be assured that Lebanon does not have the elements of the Iranian model; a model that has made Iran stand up to US sanctions.”
According to His Eminence, “It is not permissible for the public performance to be covered by negative wait for the results of negotiations with the International Monetary Fund or the regional developments without searching for other options.”
“What Lebanon is experiencing today is a threat of hunger and collapse,” Sayyed Nasrallah cautioned, noting that “Lebanon is able to turn the threat into an opportunity and to emerge from the accumulation of wrong policies.”
He also explained that “If we said that China should come invest in Lebanon, this does not mean turning the country into a communist system,” noting that “The effectiveness of openness to China was demonstrated through the American madness and the campaign against this choice.”
In addition, His Eminence stated that “The Americans have launched an aggressive campaign against the Chinese option to intimidate the Lebanese and prevent them from moving towards China.
Regarding openness to Iraq, he viewed that “it was a good thing. Iraq is an economically capable country, and there is religious and medical tourism between the two countries.” However, Sayyed Nasrallah mentioned that “There are people who started to doubt that Iraq will be open to Lebanon due to the American pressure.”
“It is required to send a delegation to Iraq as Baghdad did, and not to surrender to the talk about American pressure on the Iraqi government,” Hezbollah Secretary General said.
Sayyed Nasrallah added that “The central bank is obliged to pay billions of dollars to cover Lebanon’s need for oil derivatives, so if we ask the Iranian brothers to sell us oil derivatives in Lebanese pounds, how much this will save the central bank?”
“What we are going through today is the most dangerous threat that can face a people and a state, but we are capable as Lebanese state and people to turn the threat into a chance,” His Eminence predicted, pointing out that “We have an opportunity to carry out very important steps towards economic stability.”
On the Iranian readiness to sell Lebanon oil derivatives in the Lebanese pound, he declared “I do not want to precede the brothers in Iran, but I guarantee you this. This is a blessed matter.”
“This methodology gives hope to the Lebanese and sends a strong message to the American that whoever wants to besiege Lebanon and suffocate it, Lebanon has options, paths, and other gates, and you will not be able to starve and topple us,” His Eminence predicted.
According to His Eminence, “During decades of economic policies in the country, Lebanon was being prepared for the perception of peace in the region, and Lebanon was established as a country of services. As a result of this policy, two sectors, the agricultural and industrial sectors, were struck.”
Sayyed Nasrallah added that “We are a consuming country and today there is a chance to become a productive country and the State has a responsibility to revive the agricultural and industrial sectors.”
“Turning Lebanon into a productive country is a responsibility of the state and the people,” he stressed, urging the Lebanese to fight to revive the industrial and agricultural sectors as a prerequisite for survival in dignity.
Calling Lebanese community to wage ‘agricultural and industrial jihad and resistance.” Sayyed Nasrallah announced: “We in Hezbollah took a decision to confront collapse and hunger, and all Hezbollah, with all its capabilities, friendships and alliances, will be at the heart of this confrontation.”
To the people of the resistance, he sent the following message: “Over the past decades, we have raised on the slogan ‘We are to be present where we should be’ and we have achieved all our victories by this slogan. Today we are in the battle of industry and agriculture. This is our new battlefield. Let the date of 7-7-2020 be to declare jihad, resistance and renaissance at the agricultural and industrial levels.”
Warning the US that its state Department is playing an exposed role in Lebanon, Sayyed Nasrallah addressed the latest blatant US ambassador by saying: “The US ambassador is acting like a military ruler and what business does she have in intervening in the financial appointments?
“The US ambassador has no right to say if the current government should leave. She is also blatantly interfering in the nature of the next government, he added, noting that “The Lebanese people and the Lebanese parliament determine whether the government remains or leaves. The US ambassador is inciting the Lebanese against each other.”
Once again, His Eminence reminded he who’s concerned that “Hezbollah is a Lebanese party that has great popularity and participates in political life, and every day the US ambassador attacks it with the most horrific description while the Lebanese state remains silent.”
Expressing Hezbollah’s pride in Judge Moahmmed Mazeh’s ruling, Sayyed Nasrallah unveield that the “ Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc MPs will present a petition to the Lebanese Foreign Ministry to ask the American Ambassador to abide by diplomatic relations and international law.”
“The US is exploiting the accumulations of 40 years in Lebanon,” he went on to say, hoping that “the American ambassador does not talk to us about sovereignty and human rights.”
To the US Ambassador, Hezbollah SG sent a sounding message: “You are the ones who brought the takfiri terrorism and enabled the “Israeli” terrorism against the Palestinians. You represent a country that waged wars and plundered goods, and with what is happening in the US from racial discrimination, you are never entitled to speak, “Do not act as a teacher, professor, or counselor.”
“The US is trying to weaken and isolate Hezbollah through starving the people and turning them against the resistance,” he added, assuring that “the US schemes to Lebanon will not work and Hezbollah and the Resistance will not surrender.”
Sayyed Nasrallah further addressed the Americans by saying: “Hezbollah will not surrender, the resistance will not surrender, and your policies will lead to no result. Stop this game and end the waste of time. The policy of siege and sanctions you are following against Lebanon won’t weaken Hezbollah but rather your allies and influence.”
On the regional level, he emphasized that “Hezbollah’s preoccupation with our economic situation should not make us forget supporting the Palestinians.”
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UN Expert Calls US Assassination of General Soleimani ’Unlawful Killing’


UN Expert Calls US Assassination of General Soleimani ’Unlawful Killing’
United Nations special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions Agnes Callamard said the United States’ assassination of top Iranian commander Lieutenant General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad was an “unlawful” killing in violation of the international law.
Callamard said on Monday that the US has failed to provide sufficient evidence of an ongoing or imminent attack against its interests to justify the January drone strike on General Soleimani’s convoy as it left Baghdad airport.
“Absent an actual imminent threat to life, the course of action taken by the US was unlawful,” Callamard wrote in a report.
The drone attack “violated the UN Charter”, she added, calling for accountability for targeted killings by armed drones and for greater regulation of the weapons.
“The world is at a critical time, and possible tipping point, when it comes to the use of drones. … The Security Council is missing in action; the international community, willingly or not, stands largely silent,” Callamard, an independent investigator, told Reuters.
The senior UN expert is due on Thursday to present her findings to the Human Rights Council, giving member states a chance to debate what action to pursue. The United States is not a member of the forum, having quit two years ago.
On January 3, the US assassinated General Soleimani, commander of the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps [IRGC] Quds Force, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the second-in-command of Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Units [PMU], and a group of their companions just as they left Baghdad Airport while on an official visit to the country.
Both commanders enjoyed deep reverence among Muslim nations over their endeavors in eliminating the US-sponsored Daesh [the Arabic acronym for ‘ISIS/ISIL’] terrorist group in the region, particularly in Iraq and Syria.
The operation was conducted with the authorization of US President Donald Trump.
Iran has issued an arrest warrant and asked Interpol for help in detaining US President Donald Trump and several other US military and political leaders who were behind the assassination.
Prosecutors in Tehran say Trump, along with more than 30 others, was involved in the assassination, and accordingly face murder and terrorism charges.
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Saudi Royal Palaces Will Be among Targets of Yemeni Strikes: General Sarea laces



Spokesman of Yemeni Armed Forces Brigadier General Yahya Saree
The spokesman of the Yemeni armed forces, General Yahya Sarea, held Tuesday a press conference in which he displayed US weapons seized during the recent campaign against the mercenaries in Marib and Al-Bayda, adding that the Saudi royal palaces will be among the targets of the upcoming strikes.
Our forces found a lot of weapons with the USAID’s logo in Al-Bayda governorate during the recent military operations, in other areas and fronts, General Sarea said.
“USAID supports and funds foreign organizations working in Yemen to carry out their activities in local communities in a number provinces. It has been playing intelligence roles with human slogans, on relevant security bodies, SCMCHA has to reveal and expose this role.”
“Our forces have succeeded, with God’s help, in carrying out qualitative military operations focusing on sensitive targets.”
General Sarea called on the civilians dwelling near the Saudi royal palaces to keep away from them as they will be targeted in the upcoming strikes.
Commenting on the economic war against the Yemeni people, General Sarea stressed, “in a clear message to the enemy”, that the Yemenis would not starve.
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Tuesday, 7 July 2020

Mary Trump’s Book to Be Published Early Amid “Extraordinary Interest”

Mary Trump’s Book to Be Published Early Amid “Extraordinary Interest”

A tell-all book by Donald Trump’s niece will be published two weeks ahead of schedule and will argue that the president suffered “child abuse” in the early years of his life.
Publisher Simon & Schuster, which last week was released from a temporary restraining order won by the president’s brother, cited “high demand and extraordinary interest” as it brought publication forward on Monday.
The company also released an image of the back cover of Too Much and Never Enough: How My Family Created the World’s Most Dangerous Man by Mary Trump.
“Today,” the text began, “Donald is much as he was at three years old: incapable of growing, learning or evolving, unable to regulate his emotions, moderate his responses or take in and synthesize information.”
Mary Trump, a trained clinical psychologist, also writes about the president’s upbringing by a mother who was ill and a father, the property developer Fred Trump, who remained committed to his job, to whom “love meant nothing” and who “expected obedience, that was all”.
“Child abuse is, in some sense, a matter of ‘too much’ or ‘not enough’,” Mary Trump writes, adding: “Donald suffered deprivations that would scar him for life.”
In a statement released by the publisher, Mary Trump said: “In addition to the first-hand accounts I can give as my father’s daughter and my uncle’s only niece, I have the perspective of a trained clinical psychologist. Too Much and Never Enough is the story of the most visible and powerful family in the world. And I am the only Trump who is willing to tell it.”
Mary Trump is still subject to a temporary restraining order imposed by a judge in New York state supreme court. In her appeal, she claims a 2001 non-disclosure agreement arising from litigation over a family will was based on fraudulent financial information. A hearing is scheduled for Friday.
The president’s niece has expressed opposition to his political career via social media and was a key source for New York Times reporting on Trump family tax affairs which won a Pulitzer prize.
A Supreme Court ruling on whether Trump must release tax and financial records is eagerly awaited and expected as soon as this week.
Speaking to CNN on Sunday, Ted Boutrous, Mary Trump’s lawyer, accused Trump of mounting “an orchestrated campaign against freedom of speech and freedom of the press”. Lawsuits against books are intended to have a “chilling effect”, he said.
The White House sought to block a book by John Bolton, Trump’s third national security adviser, but were denied by a federal judge. The Room Where It Happened sold nearly 800,000 copies in its first week in stores.
Trump’s brother Robert Trump, a businessman, filed the suit against Mary Trump. He is represented by Charles Harder, an attorney who has worked for the president.
Harder has said he will seek the “maximum remedies available” for Mary Trump’s “truly reprehensible” actions. He has also called the New York Times’ reporting on Trump family tax affairs “100% false, and highly defamatory”.
In a statement to the New York Times last month, Robert Trump slammed his niece for what he called an “attempt to sensationalize and mischaracterize our family relationship … for her own financial gain”.
“I and the rest of my entire family,” he said, “are so proud of my wonderful brother, the president.”
Trump’s other surviving siblings are Maryanne Trump Barry, a retired judge, and Elizabeth Trump Grau, a retired banker. Mary Trump’s father was Fred Trump Jr, who died in 1981.

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US ambassador sends stern message to Lebanese PM: report السفيرة الأميركية تهدّد دياب

Source
By News Desk -2020-07-06


BEIRUT, LEBANON (11:40 P.M.) – A Lebanese newspaper revealed on Monday that the U.S.ambassador to Lebanon, Dorothy Shea, sent a stern message to Lebanese Prime Minister, Hassan Diab, with the aim of implementing what the U.S. government wants from him personally.
According to Al-Akhbar, quoting private sources, the American ambassador sent to the Prime Minister of Lebanon, through mutual acquaintances, strong-worded messages accusing him of implementing the Hezbollah agenda in the government.
The newspaper pointed out through its sources that these messages have increased in frequency, especially after information about the possibility of Lebanon opening up economically to cooperation with Iraq, and to accepting Chinese investments.
Al-Akhbar confirmed that the Lebanese Prime Minister ignored Shea’s messages and refuses to answer them.
According to their sources, these messages came after the ambassador pointed out the seriousness in opening doors to help relieve pressure on Lebanon in light of the American blockade.
She concluded that Diab had expressed in front of those who meet them, his anger over her actions and her blatant interference in the affairs of the country.
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السفيرة الأميركية تهدّد دياب
(مروان بوحيدر)
 الإثنين 6 تموز 2020
لا تكفّ سفيرة الولايات المتحدة الأميركية دوروثي شيا عن ممارسة الوقاحة. تصرّ على التصرف كما لو أنها حاكمة البلاد العليا. وبعد تصريحاتها العلنية التي حددت فيها مواصفات الحكومة اللبنانية التي ترضى عنها وخياراتها السياسية (حكومة اختصاصيين بلا حزب الله)، قررت شيا توجيه تهديدات إلى رئيس الحكومة حسان دياب، للضغط عليه بهدف تنفيذ ما تريده السفارة وحكومتها. وعلمت «الأخبار» أن شيا أرسلت إلى دياب، عبرَ أصدقاء مشتركين، رسائل قاسية اللهجة تتهمه بها بأنه ينفّذ أجندة حزب الله في الحكومة. وتقول مصادر مطّلعة إن «هذه الرسائل ازدادت وتيرتها، وخاصة بعد المعلومات عن إمكان انفتاح لبنان اقتصادياً على التعاون مع العراق، وعلى القبول باستثمارات صينية». وبحسب المصادر، أن السفيرة لمست جدية رئيس الحكومة في فتح أبواب تساعد على تخفيف الضغط عن لبنان في ظل الحصار الأميركي، مؤكدة أن «دياب يتجاهل رسائل شيا ولا يجيب عليها». وقد عبّر أمام من يلتقيهم عن غضبه من تصرفاتها وتدخّلها السافر في شؤون البلاد، مشيراً إلى أنها، كما بلادها، لا يريدون مساعدة لبنان ولا يريدون من لبنان أن يعمل وفق مصلحته.

إلى ذلك، أكد وزير الطاقة ريمون غجر أن زيارة الوفد العراقي كانت إيجابية، وقد بدأت الوزارة بمتابعة ما اتفق عليه. حيث تعكف حالياً على تحضير رسالة تتضمن ما تحتاج إليه من فيول، كماً ونوعاً. على أن ترسل إلى الجانب العراقي، ليصار بعدها إلى الاتفاق على التفاصيل اللاحقة، لوجستية ومالية. ونفى غجر أن يكون هنالك أي نقاش في عودة العمل بأنابيب النفط القديمة، مشيراً إلى أنها غير صالحة، وخاصة أن محطات الضغط في سوريا والعراق تعرضت للتدمير. وقال إنه جرى الاتفاق على استيراد الفيول، وسيتم ذلك عبر البصرة، مؤكداً في الوقت نفسه جودة الفيول العراقي.
وزارة الطاقة تحضّر رسالة تتضمن ما تحتاج إليه من فيول لإرسالها إلى العراق

في المقابل، أكدت مصادر عراقية أن الوفد العراقي متحمّسٌ لتوقيع مذكرة التفاهم الاقتصادي بين بغداد وبيروت. وأكد أن إمكانيّة نضوجها وتطويرها كبيرةٌ جدّاً، والعمل على ذلك جديٌّ وبدرجةٍ كبيرة. أضافت المصادر: هناك خياران، الأوّل النفط مقابل المنتجات الزراعية وبعض الخدمات. أما الثاني فالنفط مقابل الدفع بصيغةٍ لا تُرهق الدولة اللبنانية وبعد عامين من الآن. وأشارت إلى أن العراق قادرٌ على تلبية حاجات السوق اللبنانيّة من النفط، وخصوصاً أن إنتاجه ضخم وحجم التصريف لا يتناسب مع ضخامة الإنتاج.

من جهة أخرى، يعود ملف التدقيق في حسابات مصرف لبنان، بعدما نزع فتيل الخلاف على اسم الشركة، في اللقاء الذي جمع الرئيس نبيه بري والوزير جبران باسيل الأسبوع الماضي. اسم شركة «كرول» لم يعد له أثر في الاقتراح. وحلّ محلها طلب وزير المالية من مجلس الوزراء الموافقة على الصيغة النهائية للعقود المنوي توقيعها مع كل من شركة KPMG وشركةOliver Wyman، للقيام بالتدقيق المحاسبي. ولفتت مصادر وزارية إلى إمكان أن يقترح رئيس الحكومة، من خارج جدول الأعمال، اسم شركة للتدقيق الجنائي، بهدف تكليفها التحقيق في حسابات مصرف لبنان.

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